Marie of Brittany
F, b. 1268, d. May 5, 1339
- Birth: Marie of Brittany was born in 1268 in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France.
- Marriage: She and Guy III of Chatillon were married in 1292.
- Death: Marie of Brittany died on May 5, 1339, at age ~71.
Guy II of Chatillon
M, b. 1222, d. March 12, 1289
- Birth: Guy II of Chatillon was born in 1222 in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
- Marriage: He and Matilda of Brabant were married on January 16, 1255 in Neapolis, Macedonia, Greece.
- Death: Guy II of Chatillon died on March 12, 1289, at age ~67, in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
- Note: Guy II of Châtillon, Count of Saint-Pol (d. 1289), French nobleman, was a younger son of Hugh I of Châtillon and Marie of Avesnes. While his elder brother John I of Châtillon succeeded to their mother's County of Blois, Guy was given their father's county of Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise at his death in 1248. On January 16, 1255, he married Matilda of Brabant (d. 1288), daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and thereafter was a supporter of his brother-in-law Henry III against Guelders. They had six children. A faithful vassal of France, he joined the Eighth Crusade (1270) and the ill-fated "crusade" of Philip the Bold against Aragon. (Wikipedia.)
Matilda of Brabant
F, b. June 14, 1224, d. September 29, 1288
- Birth: Matilda of Brabant was born on June 14, 1224 in Brabant, Belgium.
- Marriage: She and Robert I of Artois were married on June 14, 1237 in Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France.
- Marriage: Matilda of Brabant and Guy II of Chatillon were married on January 16, 1255 in Neapolis, Macedonia, Greece.
- Death: Matilda of Brabant died on September 29, 1288, at age 64, in Arras, Artois, Pas-de-Calais, France.
Hugh I of Chatillon
M, b. circa 1200, d. April 9, 1248
- Birth: Hugh I of Chatillon was born circa 1200 in St Pol, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.
- Marriage: He and Marie of Avesnes were married in 1226.
- Death: Hugh I of Chatillon died on April 9, 1248.
- Note: Hugh I of Châtillon (d. April 9, 1248), was Count of Blois from 1230 to 1241, and Count of Saint Pol from 1226 to 1248. He was son of Gaucher II of Châtillon and Elisabeth of Saint Pol. In 1226, Hugh married Marie of Avesnes, daughter of Walter of Avesnes and Margaret of Blois. They had 5 children. Through his marriage Hugh became the first count of Blois from the house of Châtillon. It marked the end of the first dynasty of Blois that lasted over 400 years. After the death of Marie, Hugh married Mahaut, daughter of the Count of Guînes.
Hugh followed the pious king Louis IX when he started on the Seventh Crusade in 1248. Passing Avignon, there was a skirmish with some villagers in which Hugh was killed. Most of the 50 knights of his retinue returned home after the incident. (Wikipedia.)
Marie of Avesnes
F, b. 1200, d. 1241
- Birth: Marie of Avesnes was born in 1200 in Avesnes, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.
- Marriage: She and Hugh I of Chatillon were married in 1226.
- Death: Marie of Avesnes died in 1241, at age ~41.
Gaucher III of Chatillon
M, b. 1166, d. October 1219
- Birth: Gaucher III of Chatillon was born in 1166 in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
- Death: He died in October 1219, at age ~53.
Elisabeth of St Pol
F, b. circa 1170
- Birth: Elisabeth of St Pol was born circa 1170 in St Pol, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.
Guy II of Chatillon sur Marne
M, b. 1120, d. 1172
- Birth: Guy II of Chatillon sur Marne was born in 1120 in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
- Death: He died in 1172, at age ~52.
Gaucher of Chatillon
M, b. 1100
- Birth: Gaucher of Chatillon was born in 1100 in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
Alde de Roucy
F, b. 1100
- Birth: Alde de Roucy was born in 1100 in Roucy, Aisne, France.
Henry of Chatillon
M, b. 1063, d. 1136
- Birth: Henry of Chatillon was born in 1063 in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
- Death: He died in 1136, at age ~73, in Chatillon-Sur-Marne, Marne, France.
Ermengarde of Montjay
F, b. 1098
- Birth: Ermengarde of Montjay was born in 1098 in Montjay, Saone-Et-Loire, France.
Hugh de Roucy
M, b. 1081
- Birth: Hugh de Roucy was born in 1081 in Roucy, Aisne, France.
Ebles II de Roucy
M, b. 1044
- Birth: Ebles II de Roucy was born in 1044 in Montdidier, Somme, France.
Sibilla of Apulia
F, b. 1068
- Birth: Sibilla of Apulia was born in 1068 in Apulia, Calabria, Italy.
James of Avesnes
M, b. September 7, 1191
- Birth: James of Avesnes was born on September 7, 1191.
- Note: Duke of Apulia and Calabria Prince of Salerno Suzerain of Sicily Count of Apulia Duke of Sicily "the resourceful", "the cunning", "wiseacre". He was the most remarkable of the Norman adventurers who conquered Southern Italy and Sicily. From 999 to 1059 the Normans were pure mercenaries, serving either Greeks or Lombards. Then Sergius of Naples, by installing the leader Rainulf in the fortress of Aversa in 1029, gave them their first base, allowing them to begin an organized conquest of the land. In 1035 there arrived William Iron-Arm and Drogo, the two eldest sons of Tancred of Hauteville, a petty noble of Coutances in Normandy. The two joined in the organized attempt to wrest Apulia from the Greeks, who by 1040 had lost most of that province. In 1042 Melfi was chosen as the Norman capital, and in September of that year the Normans elected as their count William Iron-Arm, who was succeeded in turn by his brothers Drogo, "Comes Normannorum totius Apuliae e Calabriae", and Humphrey, who arrived about 1044. 1047 saw the arrival of Robert, the sixth son of Tancred of Hauteville. According to Anna Comnena, he had left Normandy with only five mounted riders, and thirty followers on foot, and upon arriving in Lombardy he became the chief of a roving robber-band. Guiscard soon rose to distinction. The Lombards turned against their allies and Leo IX determined to expel the Norman freebooters. The army which he led towards Apulia in 1053 was, however, overthrown at Civitate on the Fortore by the Normans, united under Humfrey, Guiscard, and Richard of Aversa. In 1057 Robert succeeded Humfrey as count of Apulia and, in company with Roger, his youngest brother, carried on the conquest of Apulia and Calabria, while Richard conquered the principality of Capua. The Papacy, foreseeing the breach with the emperor over investitures, then resolved to recognize the Normans and secure them as allies. Therefore at Melfi, on August 23, 1059, Nicholas II invested Robert with Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily, and Richard with Capua. Guiscard, "by Grace of God and St Peter duke of Apulia and Calabria and future lord of Sicily", agreed to hold by annual rent of the Holy See and to maintain its cause. In the next twenty years he made an amazing series of conquests. Invading Sicily with Roger, the brothers captured Messina (1061) and Palermo (1072). Bari was reduced (April 1071), and the Greeks finally ousted from southern Italy. The territory of Salerno was already Robert's; in December 1076 he took the city, expelling its Lombard prince Gisulf, whose sister Sikelgaita he had married. The Norman attacks on Benevento, a papal fief, alarmed and angered Gregory VII, but pressed hard by the emperor, Henry IV, he turned again to the Normans, and at Ceprano (June 1080) reinvested Robert, securing him also in the southern Abruzzi, but reserving Salerno. Guiscard's last enterprise was his attack on the Greek Empire, a rallying ground for his rebel vassals. He contemplated seizing the throne of the Basileus and took up the cause of Michael VII, who had been deposed in 1078 and to whose son his daughter had been betrothed. He sailed with 16,000 men against the empire in May 1081, and by February 1082 had occupied Corfu and Durazzo, defeating the emperor Alexius before the latter (the Battle of Dyrrhachium, October 1081). He was, however, recalled to the aid of Gregory VII, besieged in San Angelo by Henry IV (June 1083). Marching north with 36,000 men he entered Rome and forced Henry to retire, but an émeute of the citizens led to a three days' sack of the city (May 1084), after which Guiscard escorted the pope to Rome. His son Bohemund, for a time master of Thessaly, had now lost the Greek conquests. Robert, returning to restore them, occupied Corfu and Kephalonia, but died of fever in the latter on July 15 1085, in his 70th year. He was buried in S. Trinità at Venosa. Guiscard was succeeded by Roger "Borsa", his son by Sikelgaita; Bohemund, his son by an earlier Norman wife Alberada, being set aside. At his death Robert was duke of Apulia and Calabria, prince of Salerno and suzerain of Sicily. His successes had been due not only to his great qualities but to the "entente" with the Papal See. He created and enforced a strong ducal power which, however, was met by many baronial revolts, one being in 1078, when he demanded from the Apulian vassals an "aid" on the betrothal of his daughter. In conquering such wide territories he had little time to organize them internally. In the history of the Norman kingdom of Italy Guiscard remains essentially the hero and founder, as his nephew Roger II is the statesman and organizer. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
Adela of Guise
F, b. circa 1200
- Birth: Adela of Guise was born circa 1200.
Hugh IV of St Pol
M, b. circa 1153, d. February 1205
- Birth: Hugh IV of St Pol was born circa 1153 in St Pol, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.
- Death: He died in February 1205 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
Yolande of Hainaut
F, b. 1131, d. 1202
- Birth: Yolande of Hainaut was born in 1131 in Mons, Hainaut, Belgium.
- Death: She died in 1202, at age ~71.
Walter of Avesnes
M, b. 1230
- Birth: Walter of Avesnes was born in 1230.
Margaret of Blois
F, b. 1175, d. 1230
- Birth: Margaret of Blois was born in 1175 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France.
- Death: She died in 1230, at age ~55.
Sancho VI "the Wise" of Navarre
M, b. 1133, d. June 27, 1194
- Birth: Sancho VI "the Wise" of Navarre was born in 1133.
- Death: He died on June 27, 1194, at age ~61, in Pamplona, Navarre, Spain.
- Note: Sancho VI Garcés (c.1133 – June 27, 1194), called the Wise (el Sabio), was the king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194.
Son of King García VI Ramírez and Marguerite de l'Aigle, he was the first to use the title "King of Navarre" as the sole designation of his kingdom, dropping Pamplona out of titular use. His reign was full of clashes with Castile and Aragón. He was a monastic founder and many architectural accomplishments date to his reign. He is also responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe.
He tried to repair his kingdom's borders which had been reduced by the Treaties of Tudellén and Carrión, which he had been forced to sign with Castile and Aragón in his early reign. By the Accord of Soria, Castile was eventually confirmed in its possession of conquered territories. He was hostile to Raymond Berengar IV of Aragón, but Raymond's son Alfonso II divided the lands taken from Murcia with him by treaty in 1163. In 1190, the two neighbours again signed a pact in Borja of mutual protection against Castilian expansion.
He died on June 27, 1194, in Pamplona, where he is interred. He married Sancha of Castile in 1157, the daughter of Alfonso VII. Their (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
Ermengarde of Angou
F, b. 1018, d. March 18, 1076
- Birth: Ermengarde of Angou was born in 1018 in Anjou, Tours, Touraine, France.
- Death: She died on March 18, 1076, at age ~58, in Fleury-Sur-Ouche, France.
- Note: She was the second daughter born to Louis VII of France by his first wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was named after her aunt Petronilla of Aquitaine, who was also called "Alix". The birth of a second daughter to Eleanor and Louis instead of a badly needed son was one of the final nails in the coffin of their marriage. Her parents were soon divorced, although the princesses were declared legitimate, and the custody of young Alix and her sister Marie was awarded to their father. Their mother Eleanor left the French court and was remarried to King Henry II of England. King Louis also remarried twice.
Alix was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine , Joan Plantagenet and John of England. She married Theobald V of Blois in 1164. Her sister Marie also married his brother Henry. Alix served as regent when her husband left for the East, and since their son was underage, she continued as regent for several years after Theobald's death in 1191. Alix and Theobald had seven children ( Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
John II of Dreux
M, b. January 3, 1239, d. November 18, 1305
- Birth: John II of Dreux was born on January 3, 1239 in Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France.
- Marriage: He and Beatrice of England were married on January 22, 1260 in France.
- Death: John II of Dreux died on November 18, 1305, at age 66, in Lyon, Rhone, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Note: He was Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, from 1286 to his death. He was son of Duke Jean I and Blanche, princess of Navarre. Jean married Princess Beatrix of England, the daughter of King Henry III of England, in 1259. They had six children. He was killed during the celebrations surrounding the coronation of Pope Clement V in 1305. Jean was leading the pope's horse through the crowd. So many spectators had piled atop the walls that one of them crumbled and collapsed right on top of the unfortunate duke. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)