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Person Page 5,963

Botho von Pottenstein

M, b. 1028, d. 1104

Family: Judith of Schweinfurt (b. 1037, d. 1104)

Biography

  • Birth: Botho von Pottenstein was born in 1028.
  • Death: He died in 1104, at age ~76.

Judith of Schweinfurt

F, b. 1037, d. 1104

Parents

Family: Botho von Pottenstein (b. 1028, d. 1104)

Biography

  • Birth: Judith of Schweinfurt was born in 1037.
  • Death: She died in 1104, at age ~67.

Otto III "The White" of Swabia

M, b. circa 1004, d. September 28, 1057

Parents

Family: Irmgard of Susa (b. 1018, d. April 29, 1078)

Biography

  • Birth: Otto III "The White" of Swabia was born circa 1004 in Schweinfurt, Unterfranken, Bavaria, Germany.
  • Marriage: He and Irmgard of Susa were married in 1036.
  • Death: Otto III "The White" of Swabia died on September 28, 1057 in Schweinfurt, Unterfranken, Bavaria, Germany.
  • Note: Otto III (died 28 September 1057), called the White and known as Otto of Schweinfurt, was the margrave of the Nordgau (1024 – 1031) and duke of Swabia (1048 – 1057). He was the son of Henry of Schweinfurt, margrave of the Nordgau, and Gerberga of Henneberg. He was one of the most powerful East Franconian princes by inheritance: having extensive land in the Radenzgau and Schweinfurt. In 1014, he first appears as count of Lower Altmühl (or Kelsgau) and, in 1024, he inherits his father's march. In 1034, he became count of the Lower Naab. From then on to his appointment to Swabia, he takes part in many imperial expeditions into Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland.

    At Ulm in January 1048, the Emperor Henry III appointed him duke of Swabia after a brief vacany following the death of Otto II. He was loyal to Henry. He was engaged to marry Matilda, daughter of Boleslaus I of Poland, in 1035, but this was put off in favour of a marriage to Ermengard, a daughter of Ulric Manfred, Margrave of Turin, as part of Henry's Italian plans. He was otherwise inactive and died after nine years rule and was buried in Schweinfurt. (Wikipedia.)

Irmgard of Susa

F, b. 1018, d. April 29, 1078

Parents

Family 1: Otto III "The White" of Swabia (b. circa 1004, d. September 28, 1057)

Family 2: Ekbert I von Braunschweig (b. 1020, d. January 11, 1068)

Biography

  • Birth: Irmgard of Susa was born in 1018 in Turino, Piedmont, Italy.
  • Marriage: She and Otto III "The White" of Swabia were married in 1036.
  • Marriage: Irmgard of Susa and Ekbert I von Braunschweig were married in 1058.
  • Death: Irmgard of Susa died on April 29, 1078, at age ~60.

Matthew I of Alsace

M, b. circa 1137, d. 1173

Parents

Family: Marie of Boulogne (b. 1136, d. 1182)

Biography

  • Birth: Matthew I of Alsace was born circa 1137 in Flanders, Belgium.
  • Death: He died in 1173 in Ponthieu, Somme, Picardie, France.
  • Note: Arduin Glaber, sometimes Arduin II or Arduino Glabrio (died 977), was the Count of Auriate from 935 and Margrave of Turin from 962.

    He was the eldest son of Roger of Auriate, whom he succeeded. He was immediately occupied with the Saracens who had occupied the Susa Valley. He expelled them and seized Turin, which he made his capital, by 941, when King Hugh, in a reorganisation of the territory, created a march of Turin (marca Arduinica) and set him over it as governor. He subsequently conquered Albenga, Alba, and Ventimiglia and was named margrave in 962, consistently employing the title thereafter.

    Arduin married a woman named Emilia or Immula They had two daughters: Alsinda, who married Giselbert II of Bergamo, and Richilda, who married Conrad of Ivrea. Arduin was succeeded by his eldest son Manfred. He had two younger sons named Arduin and Otto. (Wikipedia.)

Marie of Boulogne

F, b. 1136, d. 1182

Parents

Family: Matthew I of Alsace (b. circa 1137, d. 1173)

Biography

  • Birth: Marie of Boulogne was born in 1136.
  • Death: She died in 1182, at age ~46.
  • Note: Countess of Boulogne Marie was born to King Stephen of England and his wife Matilda I, Countess of Boulogne. She was placed in a convent but was taken out to marry Matthew of Alsace, who would later become Count of Boulogne through his marriage to her. In 1159, when her childless brother died, she succeeded the County. Her husband became co-ruler in 1160. They reigned together until their divorce in 1170, when Matthew (not Marie) continued to reign until his death in 1173, when their daughter Ida became the Countess. Marie died in 1180/82. Her sister Mathilde inherited Marie's land and possessions in England, rather than Ida. (Wikipedia.)

Frederick Barbarossa

M, b. 1122, d. June 10, 1190

Parents

Family: Beatrix I of Burgundy (b. circa 1145, d. November 15, 1184)

Biography

  • Birth: Frederick Barbarossa was born in 1122 in Germany.
  • Marriage: He and Beatrix I of Burgundy were married on June 9, 1156 in Wurzburg, Unterfranken, Bavaria.
  • Death: Frederick Barbarossa died on June 10, 1190, at age ~68.
  • Note: He was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. He was also Duke of Swabia (1147-1152, as Frederick III) and King of Italy (1154-1186). As son of Duke Frederick II of Swabia (German Schwaben) and Judith of Bavaria, from the rival House of Guelph (or Welf), Frederick descended from Germany's two leading principal families, making him an acceptable choice for the Empire's princely electors as heir to royal crown. In 1147 Frederick became duke of Swabia and shortly afterwards made his first trip to the East, accompanying his uncle, the German king Conrad III, on the Second Crusade. The expedition proved to be a disaster, but Frederick distinguished himself and won the complete confidence of the king. When Conrad died in February 1152, only Frederick and the prince-bishop of Bamberg were at his deathbed. Both asserted afterwards that Conrad had, in full possession of his mental powers, handed the royal insignia to Frederick and indicated that he, rather than his own six-year-old son, the future Frederick IV, Duke of Swabia, should succeed him as king. The kingdom's princely electors were persuaded by this account and by Barbarossa's energetic pursuit of the crown and he was chosen as the next German king at Frankfurt on the 4th of March and crowned at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) several days later. The new king was anxious to restore the Empire to the position it had occupied under Charlemagne and Otto I the Great, and saw clearly that the restoration of order in Germany was a necessary preliminary to the enforcement of the imperial rights in Italy. Issuing a general order for peace, he was prodigal in his concessions to the nobles. Abroad, Frederick intervened in the Danish civil war between Svend III and Valdemar I of Denmark, and negotiations were begun with the East Roman emperor, Manuel I Comnenus. It was probably about this time that the king obtained a papal assent for the annulment of his childless marriage with Adela (Adelheid) of Vohburg (through whom he had gained ownership of much of Alsace), on the somewhat far-fetched grounds of consanguinity (his great-great-grandfather was a brother of Adela's great-great-great-grandmother), and made a vain effort to obtain a bride from the court of Constantinople. On his accession Frederick had communicated the news of his election to Pope Eugenius III, but had neglected to ask for the papal confirmation. Eager to make amends with the Papacy, Frederick concluded a treaty with Rome in March 1153, by which he promised in return for his coronation to defend the papacy and make no peace with king Roger II of Sicily, or other enemies of the Church, without the consent of Eugenius. He undertook six expeditions into Italy, in the first of which he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome by Pope Adrian IV, following the suppression by Imperial forces of the republican city commune led by Arnold of Brescia. He left Italy in the autumn of 1155 to prepare for a new and more formidable campaign. Disorder was again rampant in Germany, especially in Bavaria, but general peace was restored by Frederick's vigorous measures. The duchy of Bavaria was transferred from Henry II Jasomirgott, margrave of Austria, who became duke of Austria in compensation, to Frederick's formidable younger cousin Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, of the House of Guelph, whose father had already held both duchies. On June 9, 1156 at Würzburg, Frederick married Beatrice of Burgundy, daughter and heiress of Renaud III, becoming King of Burgundy and adding the sizeable realm of the County of Burgundy, then stretching from Besançon (Bisanz) to the Mediterranean, to his possessions. In June 1158, Frederick set out upon his second Italian expedition, accompanied by Henry the Lion and his fearsome Saxons, which resulted in the establishment of imperial officers in the cities of northern Italy, the revolt and capture of Milan, and the beginning of the long struggle with Pope Alexander III, which resulted in the excommunication of the emperor in 1160. In response, Frederick declared his support for Antipope Victor IV. Returning to Germany towards the close of 1162, Frederick prevented the escalation of conflicts between Henry the Lion of Saxony and a number of his neighbouring princes who were growing weary of Henry's power, influence and territorial gains. He also severely punished the citizens of Mainz for their rebellion against Archbishop Arnold. The next visit to Italy in 1163 saw his plans for the conquest of Sicily ruined by the formation of a powerful league against him, brought together mainly by the taxes collected by the imperial officers.

    Frederick then organized the magnificent celebration of the canonization of Charlemagne at Aix-la-Chapelle, while restoring the peace in the Rhineland. In October 1166, he went once more on journey to Italy to secure the claim of his Antipope Pascal, and the coronation of his wife Beatrice as Holy Roman Empress. This time, Henry the Lion refused to join Frederick on his Italian trip, tending instead to his own disputes with neighbors and his continuing expansion into Slavic territories in northeastern Germany. Frederick's campaign was stopped by the sudden outbreak of the plague which threatened to destroy the Imperial army and drove the emperor as a fugitive to Germany, where he remained for the ensuing six years. Conflicting claims to various bishoprics were decided and imperial authority was asserted over Bohemia, Poland, and Hungary. Friendly relations were entered into with the East Roman emperor Manuel, and attempts were made to come to a better understanding with Henry II of England and Louis VII of France.

    In 1174, Frederick made his fifth expedition to Italy and, in response, the pro-papal Lombard League was formed to stand against him. With the refusal of Henry the Lion to bring help to Italy, the campaign was a complete failure. Frederick suffered a heavy defeat at the battle of Legnano near Milan, on May 29, 1176, where he was wounded and for some time believed to be dead. He had no choice other than begin negotiations for peace with Alexander III and the Lombard League. In the Peace of Venice, 1177, Frederick and Alexander III reconciled. The Emperor acknowledged the Pope's sovereignty over the Papal States, and in return Alexander acknowledged the Emperor's overlordship of the Imperial Church. The Lombard cities, however, continued to fight until 1183, when, in the Peace of Constance, Frederick conceded their right to freely elect town magistrates.

    Frederick did not forgive Henry the Lion for his refusal to come to his aid in 1174. Taking advantage of the hostility of other German princes to Henry, who had successfully established a powerful and contiguous state comprising Saxony, Bavaria and substantial territories in the north and east of Germany, Frederick had Henry tried in absentia by a court of bishops and princes in 1180, declared that Imperial law overruled traditional German law, and had Henry stripped of his lands and declared an outlaw. He then invaded Saxony with an Imperial army to bring his cousin to his knees. Henry's allies deserted him, and he finally had to submit in November 1181. He spent three years in exile at the court of his father-in-law Henry II of England in Normandy, before being allowed back into Germany, where he finished his days as much-diminished Duke of Brunswick, peacefully sponsoring arts and architecture, and died on 6 August 1195. After making his peace with the Pope, Frederick embarked on the Third Crusade (1189), a grand expedition in conjunction with the French army, led by king Philip Augustus together with the English, under Richard Lionheart. He organized a grand army and set out on the overland route to the Holy Land, through Hungary and Romania, and arrived at Constantinople in the autumn of 1189. From there they pushed on through Anatolia (where they were victorious in two battles) into Armenia, and approached Syria. The approach of the immense German army greatly concerned Saladin and the other Muslim leaders, who began to rally troops of their own and prepare to confront Barbarossa's forces. However, on June 10, 1190, while crossing the Saleph River in Cilicia, south-eastern Anatolia, Frederick was thrown from his horse and the shock of the cold water caused him to have a heart attack. Weighed down by his armour, he drowned in water that was barely hip-deep, according to the chronicler Ibn al-Athir. Frederick's death plunged his army into chaos. Leaderless, panicked, and attacked on all sides by Turks, many Germans were killed or deserted. Only 5,000 soldiers, a tiny fraction of the original forces, actually arrived in Acre. Barbarossa's son, Frederick VI of Swabia carried on with the remnants of the army, with the aim of burying the Emperor in Jerusalem, but efforts to conserve his body in vinegar failed. Hence, his flesh was interred in the Church of St. Peter in Antiochia, his bones in the cathedral of Tyre, and his heart and inner organs in Tarsus. Frederick's untimely death left the Crusader army under the command of the rivals Philip of France and Richard of England, who had traveled to Palestine separately by sea, and ultimately led to its dissolution. Richard Lionheart continued to the East where he fought Saladin with mixed results, but ended without accomplishing his main goal, the capture of Jerusalem. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)

Beatrix I of Burgundy

F, b. circa 1145, d. November 15, 1184

Parents

Family: Frederick Barbarossa (b. 1122, d. June 10, 1190)

Biography

  • Birth: Beatrix I of Burgundy was born circa 1145.
  • Marriage: She and Frederick Barbarossa were married on June 9, 1156 in Wurzburg, Unterfranken, Bavaria.
  • Death: Beatrix I of Burgundy died on November 15, 1184.

Philip of Swabia

M, b. July 22, 1178, d. June 21, 1208

Parents

Family: Irene Angelina (b. circa 1177, d. August 27, 1208)

Biography

  • Birth: Philip of Swabia was born on July 22, 1178 in Swabia. Germany.
  • Marriage: He and Irene Angelina were married on May 25, 1197.
  • Death: Philip of Swabia died on June 21, 1208, at age 29.
  • Note: Duke of Swabia Emperor of German Roman Empire German King Duke of Tuscany He was the fifth and youngest son of the emperor Frederick I and Beatrix, daughter of Renaud III, count of Burgundy, and consequently brother of the emperor Henry VI. He entered the clergy, was made provost of Aix-la-Chapelle, and in 1190 or 1191 was chosen bishop of Würzburg. Having accompanied his brother Henry to Italy in 1191, Philip forsook his ecclesiastical calling, and, travelling again to Italy, was made duke of Tuscany in 1195 and received an extensive grant of lands. In 1196 he became duke of Swabia, on the death of his brother Conrad; and in May 1197 he married Irene, daughter of the eastern emperor, Isaac II, and widow of Roger III, Titular King of Sicily, a lady who is described by Walther von der Vogelweide as " the rose without a thorn, the dove without guile." Philip enjoyed his brother's confidence to a very great extent, and appears to have been designated as guardian of the young Frederick, afterwards the emperor Frederick II, in case of his father's early death. In 1197 he had set out to fetch Frederick from Sicily for his coronation when he heard of the emperor's death and returned at once to Germany. He appears to have desired to protect the interests of his nephew and to quell the disorder which arose on Henry's death, but events were too strong for him. The hostility to the kingship of a child was growing, and after Philip had been chosen as defender of the empire during Frederick's minority he consented to his own election. He was elected German king at Muhlhausen on March 8, 1198, and crowned at Mainz on the September 8 following. Meanwhile a number of princes hostile to Philip, under the leadership of Adolph, Archbishop of Cologne, had elected an anti-king in the person of Otto, second son of Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony. In the war that followed, Philip, who drew his principal support from south Germany, met with considerable success. In 1199 he received further accessions to his party and carried the war into his opponent's territory, although unable to obtain the support of Pope Innocent III, and only feebly assisted by his ally Philip Augustus, king of France. The following year was less favourable to his arms; and in March 1201 Innocent took the decisive step of placing Philip and his associates under the ban, and began to work energetically in favour of Otto.

    Also in 1201, Philip was visited by his cousin Boniface of Montferrat, the leader of the Fourth Crusade. The Crusaders were by this time under Venetian control and were besieging Zara on the Adriatic Sea. Although Boniface's exact reasons for meeting with Philip are unknown, while at Philip's court he also met Alexius Angelus, Philip's brother-in-law. Alexius convinced Boniface, and later the Venetians, to divert the Crusade to Constantinople and restore Isaac II to the throne, as he had recently been deposed by Alexius III, Alexius and Irene's uncle. The two succeeding years were still more unfavourable to Philip. Otto, aided by Ottokar I, king of Bohemia, and Hermann I, landgrave of Thuringia, drove him from north Germany, thus compelling him to seek by abject concessions, but without success, reconciliation with Innocent. The submission to Philip of Hermann of Thuringia in 1204 marks the turning-point of his fortunes, and he was soon joined by Adolph of Cologne and Henry I, Duke of Brabant. On January 6, 1205 he was crowned again with great ceremony by Adolph at Aix-la-Chapelle, though it was not till 1207 that his entry into Cologne practically brought the war to a close. A month or two later Philip was loosed from the papal ban, and in March 1208 it seems probable that a treaty was concluded by which a nephew of the pope was to marry one of Philip's daughters and to receive the disputed dukedom of Tuscany. Philip was preparing to crush the last flicker of the rebellion in Brunswick-Lüneburg when he was murdered at Bamberg, on June 21, 1208, by Otto of Wittelsbach, count palatine in Bavaria, to whom he had refused the hand of one of his daughters. Philip was a brave and handsome man, and contemporary writers, among whom was Walther von der Vogelweide, praise his mildness and generosity. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)

Irene Angelina

F, b. circa 1177, d. August 27, 1208

Parents

Family: Philip of Swabia (b. July 22, 1178, d. June 21, 1208)

Biography

  • Birth: Irene Angelina was born circa 1177 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Marriage: She and Philip of Swabia were married on May 25, 1197.
  • Death: Irene Angelina died on August 27, 1208 in Lorsch, Hessen, Germany.
  • Note: En route to Jerusalem Richard II, King of England, was aboard his galley and his sister Joanna, Queen of Sicily and Naples, and his betrothed Berengaria, daughter of the King of Navarre, were on another ship. After a storm the ships were separated and the ship the women were on put into the Harbor of Limousa. Isaac Comnenus was very angry and approached them with a great force. He plundered three ships that were wrecked and Richard overpowered them and took possession of the island. Soon after Irene, the fair heiress, a daughter of Isaac, came to Richard asking protection, whereupon he sent her to his sister Joanna and to Berengaria, who was now his wife. Irene, daughter of Isaac, stayed with them for a long time and went back to Rome with them. She married 1st Roger, son of Tancread, half brother Bohemund the Crusader. She married 2nd 1196 Philip II, born 1176, Emperor of German Roman Empire, son of Frederick Barbarossa. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 443)

    Irene Angelina (1177/1181 - 1208) was the daughter of the Byzantine emperor Isaac II Angelos by his first wife Herina. In 1193 she married Roger III of Sicily, but he died on 24 December 1193. Irene was captured in the German invasion of Sicily , on 29 December 1194, and was married on 25 May 1197 to Philip of Swabia.

    Her father, who had been deposed in 1195, urged her to get Philip's support for his reinstatement; her brother, Alexius, subsequently spent some time at Philip's court during the preparations for the Fourth Crusade. She thus had an early influence on the eventual diversion of the Crusade to Constantinople in 1204. She was described by Walther von der Vogelweide as "the rose without a thorn, the dove without guile." Philip and Irene had four daughters. (Wikipedia.)

Frederick II of Swabia

M, b. 1090, d. April 6, 1147

Parents

Family 1: Judith of Bavaria (b. 1100, d. February 22, 1132)

Family 2: Agnes of Saarbruecken (b. circa 1115, d. 1147)

Biography

  • Birth: Frederick II of Swabia was born in 1090 in Germany.
  • Marriage: He and Judith of Bavaria were married in 1121.
  • Death: Frederick II of Swabia died on April 6, 1147, at age ~57, in Germany.
  • Note: He was duke of Swabia, succeeding his father, duke Frederick I in 1105. In 1121 he married Judith of Bavaria, a member of the powerful House of Guelph. On the death of Emperor Henry V, his uncle, Frederick stood for election as King of Germany with the support of his younger brother Conrad of Swabia and several houses. However, he lost this election of 1125 to Lothar II, crowned Emperor later in 1133. A conflict erupted between Frederick and his supporters, and Lothar. Encouraged by Albert, Archbishop of Mainz, who loathed the supporters of the late Emperor Henry V, Lothar beseiged Nuremberg in 1127. Frederick's second wife, Agnes, was the niece of his old enemy Albert of Mainz. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)

Judith of Bavaria

F, b. 1100, d. February 22, 1132

Parents

Family: Frederick II of Swabia (b. 1090, d. April 6, 1147)

Biography

  • Birth: Judith of Bavaria was born in 1100.
  • Marriage: She and Frederick II of Swabia were married in 1121.
  • Death: Judith of Bavaria died on February 22, 1132, at age ~32, in Germany.

Frederick I of Swabia

M, b. 1050, d. July 21, 1105

Family: Agnes Princess Of The Holy Roman Empire (b. 1073, d. September 24, 1143)

Biography

  • Birth: Frederick I of Swabia was born in 1050 in Hohenstauffen, Swabia, Bayern, Germany.
  • Marriage: He and Agnes Princess Of The Holy Roman Empire were married in 1189 in Regensburg, Bayern, Germany.
  • Death: Frederick I of Swabia died on July 21, 1105, at age ~55, in Hohenstauffen, Swabia, Bayern, Germany.

Wulfhild of Saxony

F, b. 1075, d. 1126

Parents

Family: Henry IX "The Black" of Bavaria (b. 1074, d. December 13, 1126)

Biography

  • Birth: Wulfhild of Saxony was born in 1075.
  • Death: She died in 1126, at age ~51.

Henry IX "The Black" of Bavaria

M, b. 1074, d. December 13, 1126

Parents

Family: Wulfhild of Saxony (b. 1075, d. 1126)

Biography

  • Birth: Henry IX "The Black" of Bavaria was born in 1074.
  • Death: He died on December 13, 1126, at age ~52, in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany.
  • Note: Henry IX (died 13 December 1126), called the Black, a member of the House of Welf, was duke of Bavaria from 1120 to 1126. Henry was the second son of Welf I, Duke of Bavaria. As a young man, he administered the family's property south of the Alps. Through his marriage to Wulfhild, daughter of Magnus, Duke of Saxony, he acquired part of the Billung property in Saxony.

    In 1116, he joined Emperor Henry V's Italian campaign. He succeeded his brother Welf II, Duke of Bavaria, when the latter died childless in 1120. In the royal election of 1125, he supported his son-in-law Frederick II, Duke of Swabia, but switched his allegiance to Lothair, Duke of Saxony, after Lothair promised that Gertrud, his only daughter and heir, would marry Henry's son Henry.

    After Lothair won the election and banned Frederick, in 1126 Henry abdicated as duke of Bavaria and retired to the family foundation of Weingarten Abbey so that he did not have to take part in the prosecution of his son-in-law. Henry died shortly thereafter and was buried in Weingarten. (Wikipedia.)

Welf I of Bavaria

M, b. circa 1037, d. November 9, 1101

Parents

Family: Judith of Flanders (b. circa 1033, d. March 5, 1094)

Biography

  • Birth: Welf I of Bavaria was born circa 1037 in Padua, Italy.
  • Death: He died on November 9, 1101 in Paphos, Cyprus.
  • Note: He was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV. Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf. When Welf's maternal uncle, Welf, Duke of Carinthia (also known as Welf III), died childless, Welf inherited his property. Welf married Ethelinde, daughter of Otto of Nordheim. When Duke Otto had become an enemy of King Henry IV, Welf divorced Ethelinde, and soon thereafter (in 1070) was appointed duke of Bavaria in Otto's stead. During the Investiture Controversy, Welf sided with Pope Gregory VII, and in March 1077 supported the election of Rudolf of Rheinfelden as anti-king. In May 1077, he was banned by the king. In 1089, Welf's son Welf married Matilda of Tuscany, thus strengthening relationships with the pope. After the younger Welf divorced Matilda in 1095, Welf made amends with King Henry IV and was reappointed as duke of Bavaria. After the death of his father Azzo in 1097, Welf tried to acquire his father's property south of the Alps, but did not succeed against his younger half-brother Fulco. In 1099, Welf joined the Crusade of 1101. He died while returning from the crusade in Cyprus in 1101 and was buried in the Abbey of Weingarten. He was succeeded as duke of Bavaria by his son Welf. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)

Judith of Flanders

F, b. circa 1033, d. March 5, 1094

Parents

Family: Welf I of Bavaria (b. circa 1037, d. November 9, 1101)

Biography

  • Birth: Judith of Flanders was born circa 1033 in Flanders, Belgium.
  • Death: She died on March 5, 1094.

Albert Azzo II of Este

M, b. circa 997

Parents

Family: Chuniza of Altdorf (b. circa 997)

Biography

  • Birth: Albert Azzo II of Este was born circa 997 in Padua, Italy.
  • Note: Albert Azzo II (c.997–c.1097), Margrave of Milan and Liguria, Count of Gavello and Padua, Rovigo, Lunigiana, Monfelice, and Montagrana, was a powerful nobleman in the Holy Roman Empire.

    Albert Azzo was the only son of Albert Azzo I, Margrave of Milan. He inherited his father's offices around 1020, and continuously increased his properties in northern Italy. In 1069–1070, he tried to acquire Maine for his son Hugh, because his wife, Garsende, was the heiress of the previous counts of Maine. Hugh was declared count, but could not prevail against the dukes of Normandy. In the Investiture Controversy between Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Pope Gregory VII, Albert Azzo attempted to mediate, but later he joined the side of the Pope. Around 1073 he made a castle at Este his residence, from which the House of Este, the dynasty to which he belongs, takes its name.

    Alberto Azzo married Cuniza, daughter of Welf II, Count of Altdorf, around 1035. His second marriage was to Garsende, daughter of Herbert I, Count of Maine, around 1050. Thirdly, he married Matilda, sister of William, Bishop of Padua, with whom he had no known children. (Wikipedia.)

Chuniza of Altdorf

F, b. circa 997

Parents

Family: Albert Azzo II of Este (b. circa 997)

Biography

  • Birth: Chuniza of Altdorf was born circa 997.

Albert Azzo I of Milan

M, b. circa 960

Parents

Family: Adelaide (b. circa 960)

Biography

  • Birth: Albert Azzo I of Milan was born circa 960.
  • Note: Albert Atto I (Italian: Alberto Azzo; died 1029) was the son of Oberto II and Railend, widow of Sigfred, Count of Seprio. He was a member of the Obertenghi (or Adalbertini) family.

    Albert first appears in the historical record in 1011. On 10 May 1013, he was acting as a missus in Italy. In 1014, he inherited the counties of Luni, Tortona, Genoa, and Milan on his father's death. His holdings were extensive and both feudal and allodial. Albert and his brothers Hugh, Adalbert (IV), and Obizzo all carried the title margrave. Their sister Bertha married Arduin of Italy to ally the Anscarid and Obertenga families. Another sister named Bertha married Ulric Manfred II of Turin. Albert himself married Adelaide, a Salian and relative of Lanfranc, Count of Aucia.

    At first, Albert and his brothers supported their brother-in-law Arduin against the Emperor Henry II in the war for the Italian throne. In 1014, he did not oppose Henry's imperial coronation, but after Henry left in May, he sought to aid Arduin. After July, he confiscated Solingen, robbed the church, and assaulted Pavia, Vercelli, and Novara. In 1019, he reconciled with Henry, but in 1022, all four brothers were captured by Henry's forces and Albert submitted, receiving the iudiciaria (right of justice) in Monselice. In Spring 1026, Albert joined Ulric Manfred in defending Pavia from Conrad II.

    Albert left one son: Albert Azzo II. (Wikipedia.)

Adelaide

F, b. circa 960

Family: Albert Azzo I of Milan (b. circa 960)

Biography

  • Birth: Adelaide was born circa 960.

Oberto II of Genoa

M, b. circa 925

Parents

Family: Railinda of Como (b. circa 925)

Biography

  • Birth: Oberto II of Genoa was born circa 925.

Railinda of Como

F, b. circa 925

Family: Oberto II of Genoa (b. circa 925)

Biography

  • Birth: Railinda of Como was born circa 925.

Oberto I Obizzo

M, b. circa 900, d. October 15, 975

Family:

Biography

  • Birth: Oberto I Obizzo was born circa 900.
  • Death: He died on October 15, 975.
  • Note: Oberto I Obizzo (also Otbert) (died 15 October 975) was an Italian count palatine and founder of the Obertenghi family. He was, by heredity, Count of Milan from 951.

    Soon after assuming the Italian throne, Berengar II reorganised his territories south of the Po, dividing them into three new marches (frontier districts) named after their respective margraves: the marca Aleramica of Aleram of Montferrat, the marca Arduinica of Arduin Glaber, and the marca Obertenga of Oberto. This last division consisted of eastern Liguria and was also known as the marca Januensis or March of Genoa. It consisted of Tuscany with the cities of Genoa, Luni, Tortona, Parma, and Piacenza.

    In 960, he had to take refuge in Germany. The next year, Pope John XII asked Otto I of Germany to intervene in Italy to protect him from Berengar. When Otto took control of Italy, Oberto was able to return to his lands, with the title of count palatine confirmed by Otto.

    He was succeeded as Count of Milan by his sons Adalberto II and later Oberto II. His great-grandson Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan founded the house of Este. (Wikipedia.)

Welf II of Carinthia

M, b. circa 975

Family: Imiza (b. circa 975)

Biography

  • Birth: Welf II of Carinthia was born circa 975.