F, b. circa 1111
- Birth: Eleanor was born circa 1111.
Bonifacio del Vasto
M, b. 1065, d. 1125
- Birth: Bonifacio del Vasto was born in 1065 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died in 1125, at age ~60.
- Note: Boniface del Vasto was the margrave of Western Liguria from 1084 to 1125, the son and successor of Otto. He was of the Aleramici family, which also furnished the margraves of Montferrat. His capital was Savona.
Boniface had several daughters and sons by his wife Agnes, the daughter of Count Hugh of Vermandois. His daughter Adelaide married first Roger I of Sicily and second Baldwin I of Jerusalem. Two of his other daughters married Roger's sons from previous relationships, Jordan, Count of Syracuse, and Geoffrey, Count of Ragusa (who may have died before the marriage actually took place). Boniface' sons founded the lines of the rules of Saluzzo, Busca, Lancia, Ceva, and Savona. His son Henry became a lord in Sicily. (Wikipedia.)
Agnes of Vermandois
F, b. circa 1067
- Birth: Agnes of Vermandois was born circa 1067 in Valois, Bretagne, France.
Tetone of Saluzzo
M, b. 1020, d. 1084
- Birth: Tetone of Saluzzo was born in 1020 in Vasto, Abruzzo, Italy.
- Death: He died in 1084, at age ~64.
Anselmo II of Saluzzo
M, b. 990, d. 1027
- Birth: Anselmo II of Saluzzo was born in 990.
- Death: He died in 1027, at age ~37.
Guiditta of Turino
F, b. circa 990
- Birth: Guiditta of Turino was born circa 990.
Renier I of Montferrat
M, b. circa 1084, d. May 1135
- Birth: Renier I of Montferrat was born circa 1084 in Montferrat, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died in May 1135.
- Note: Renier or Rainier (Italian: Ranieri; circa 1084 – May 1135) was the Margrave of Montferrat from around 1100 to his death. He was the son of William IV and his wife Otta d'Agliè, a daughter of Tibaldo d'Agliè.
Renier was a powerful lord in his own time, appearing extensively in the contemporary documentation. With him the Aleramici of Montferrat first begin to throw off the shroud of obscurity and demonstrate a degree of influence in Italian politics. The beginning of his reign, nevertheless, is not clearly known, as he first appears in a document of 23 March 1111 as Raynerius de Monteferrato marchio. He appears with this same title years later in 1126 and 1133 when, with other members of his family, he founded the Cistercian monstery of Santa Maria di Lucedio near Trino.
Around the time of his appearance in the pages of history, circa 1111, Renier was a follower of the Emperor Henry V. In that year he obtained an imperial concession for the citizens of Turin: a diploma regarding the Via Francigena which passed through the town. Also that year, with his cousin Oberto I of Occimiano, he donated to the Chapter of Saint Evasius of Casale the church of San Martino di Zenzano infra castrum Aucimianum (in the castle of Occimiano). That this act took place in Occimiano testifies to the importance of that locality, which had in the past been the seat of kings.
In 1113, Renier donated his portion of the Langiano to the monastery of San Secondo di Terra Rossa, affiliated with the Abbey of Fruttuaria. On 23 May 1116, Renier was present with the Emperor when the latter bestowed the castles of Celle, Frassinello, Fubine, and Cuccaro on Conrad and Guido Cane. In 1105, Renier married Gisela, daughter of William I, Count of Burgundy, already the widow of Humbert II of Savoy and mother of Adelaide of Maurienne, who, in 1115, became the second queen of Louis VI of France. She and Renier had three or four daughters, one possibly named Isabella, who married Guido, Count of Biandrate (although it is possible that this may be a second marriage of Joanna) They also had a son, William, who succeeded to the march. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
Judith of Babenberg
F, b. circa 1118
- Birth: Judith of Babenberg was born circa 1118 in Klosterneuburg, Niederosterreich, Austria.
- Note: Judith of Babenberg (c. late 1110s/1120–post-1168), also sometimes called Julitta or Ita in Latin sources, was a daughter of Agnes of Germany and her second husband Leopold III of Austria. The chronicler Otto of Freising was one of her older brothers; Conrad III of Germany her half-brother. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor was her nephew.
She married c. 1133 William V, Marquess of Montferrat, by whom she bore at least eight children. Of their five sons, four became prominent in the affairs of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of Byzantium. She was still living in 1168, but seems to have died before her husband went to the Kingdom of Jerusalem after their grandson Baldwin's coronation as King of Jerusalem in the 1180s. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
William V (the Old) of Montferrat
M, b. 1115, d. 1191
- Birth: William V (the Old) of Montferrat was born in 1115 in Montferrat, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died in 1191, at age ~76.
- Note: He was also known as William the Old to distinguish him from his eldest son, William Longsword, was marquess of Montferrat from c. 1136 to his death in 1191. William was the only son of marquess Renier I and his wife Gisela, a daughter of William I, Count of Burgundy and widow of Count Humbert II of Savoy. It seems likely, given that he was still fit enough to participate in battle in 1187, that William was one of his parents' youngest children. He was described by Otto Morena as of medium height and compact build, with a round, somewhat ruddy face and hair so fair as to be almost white. He was talkative, intelligent and good-humoured, generous but not extravagant. Dynastically, he was extremely well-connected, being a nephew of Pope Callixtus II, a brother-in-law of Louis VI of France (through his half-sister Adelasia of Moriana), and cousin of Alfonso VII of Castile. William married Judith or Julitta von Babenberg, daughter of Leopold III of Austria and Agnes of Germany, sometime before March 28, 1133. It is likely that Judith was still very young at the time: none of their children seem to have been born before 1140, and the youngest son in 1162. She died after 1168. They had five sons, four of whom became prominent in the affairs of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of Byzantium. William served honourably in the Second Crusade, alongside his nephew Louis VII of France. As as traditional supporter of the Ghibellines, he and his sons fought with the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa in his lengthy struggle with the Lombard League. Following Barbarossa's capitulation with the Peace of Venice in 1177, William was left to deal with the rebellious towns in the area alone. Meanwhile, the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus sought support for his own politics in Italy. In 1179 he suggested a marriage between his daughter Maria, second in line to the throne, and a son of William the Old. As the youngest son, Renier was the only one then unmarried, he was married off to the princess, who was thirteen years his senior. In 1183, with the accession of his grandson Baldwin V, a minor, as co-King of Jerusalem, William, then probably in his late sixties, left the government of Montferrat to Conrad and Boniface, and returned to the east. He was granted the castle of St. Elias (present-day El Taiyiba). He fought in the Battle of Hattin in 1187, where he was captured by Saladin's forces. In the meantime, his second son, Conrad, had arrived at Tyre from Constantinople. Conrad was given the command of the defences, and is said to have refused to surrender as much as a stone of its walls to liberate his father, even threatening to shoot him with a crossbow himself when Saladin had him presented as a hostage. Eventually, William was released unharmed, and Saladin withdrew his army from Tyre. He seems to have ended his days there, with his son. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
William IV of Montferrat
M, b. circa 1030, d. 1100
- Birth: William IV of Montferrat was born circa 1030 in Montferrat, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died in 1100.
- Note: William IV (c. 1030 – 1100) was the Margrave of Montferrat from 1084.
The date of William's birth is unknown, but it probably took place between 1030 and 1035. He was the eldest son of Otto II and Constance, daughter of Amadeus II of Savoy. He first appears in a document of 1059, when he is placed in power over the city of Savona, probably as per a request of the citizenry for a ruler of their own.
In 1093, he was present when the Emperor Henry IV donated the monastery of Breme to the church of Pavia.
In an act dated 15 September 1096, Uvilielmus marchio filius quondam Uvilielmi et Ota iugalis eius filia quondam Tebaldi et Uvilielmus filius presicti Uvilielmi et Ote, et Oto filius item Otonis, seu Petrus filius Roberti, atque coniunx eius Ermengarda filia predicti Tebaldi et Tezo filius iamdicti Petri et Ermengarde conceded their rights over the church of Santo Stefano di Allein.
By his second marriage with Otta di Aglié, William was the father of his successor Rainier. He had two children by his first marriage, but their fate is unknown. (Wikipedia.)
Otta de Aglie
F, b. circa 1030
- Birth: Otta de Aglie was born circa 1030.
Otto II of Montferrat
M, b. circa 1015, d. November 29, 1084
- Birth: Otto II of Montferrat was born circa 1015 in Montferrat, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died on November 29, 1084.
Constance of Savoy
F, b. circa 1015
- Birth: Constance of Savoy was born circa 1015.
William III of Montferrat
M, b. circa 970
- Birth: William III of Montferrat was born circa 970.
- Note: William III (c. 970 – 1042) was the Margrave of Montferrat and Count of Vado from 991 to his death. He was the eldest son and successor of Otto I. William I and II were the father and son respectively of Aleram, the first margrave, but neither served as margrave himself.
William's religious policy was a continuation of Aleram's. He founded the monastery of Spigno. In 1014, he and his brother Riprando donated land to the abbey of Fruttuaria. Between his succession and 1002, he made other donations to Acqui Terme.
While following in the familiarl policy of ecclesiastical patronage, William abandoned Aleram's support of the Holy Roman Emperors. Instead, he intervened in the wars of the Italian communes which characterised early eleventh-century Italy. He joined an anti-imperial alliance with Count Obert the Red, Margrave Ulric Manfred II of Turin, and Bishop Leo of Vercelli. The allies soon found themselves at odds and warring on each other. Leo besieged Santhià, where William was then residing, and William, to avenge himself on the bishop, besieged Vercelli and put it to flame. William signed a peace treaty with Ulric Manfred and married his son Henry to Manfred's daughter Adelaide.
Even after all his allies had been pacified by imperial troops, William continued to resist Conrad II, but he fared poorly. Conrad destroyed his fortress in the valley of Orba.
The Miracula sancti Bononii records William's wife as Waza. She prayed at the tomb of Saint Bononio, abbot of Santissimi Michele e Genuario di Lucedio. William died in 1041, probably before 29 January, when his son Henry cites him in an act donating land to the church in Turin. (Wikipedia.)
Otto I of Montferrat
M, b. circa 950
- Birth: Otto I of Montferrat was born circa 950.
- Note: Otto I (also Otho or Ottone; died 991) was the Margrave of Montferrat briefly following his father Aleram on the throne.
Otto was the son of Aleram and his first wife. Notably obscure, he did not appear with his parents and his younger brother Anselm at the foundation of the monstery of Grazzano in 961. On Aleram's death in 967, the great marca Aleramica was broken up: Montferrat went to Otto and Liguria to Anselm. Their elder brother William II had already deceased.
In his own lifetime, Otto does not appear in any document with the margravial title, but he appears in the documents of later generations cited as such. He appears in a confirmation of the possessions of the abbacy of Fruttuaria with the title in a patronymic. He probably never used the title in life, but his descendents retroactively applied it to him, as he held the same post as they.
Otto died in 991, as known by the foundation act of his son for the monastery of Spigno, which Otto himself had planned on building. By his unnamed wife, he left two sons: an eldest named William, who succeeded him, and younger named Riprando. He also left two daughters, Otta and Waldrada (Gualderada). (Wikipedia.)
Tibaldo de Aglie
M, b. circa 1000
- Birth: Tibaldo de Aglie was born circa 1000.
Amadeo IV of Savoy
M, b. 1197, d. June 13, 1253
- Birth: Amadeo IV of Savoy was born in 1197 in Savoy, France.
- Marriage: He and Anne of Burgundy were married in 1223.
- Marriage: Amadeo IV of Savoy and Cecelia of Baux were married on December 18, 1244 in France.
- Death: Amadeo IV of Savoy died on June 13, 1253, at age ~56.
Anne of Burgundy
F, b. 1185
- Birth: Anne of Burgundy was born in 1185 in Bourgogne, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France.
- Marriage: She and Amadeo IV of Savoy were married in 1223.
Etienne de Langres
M, b. circa 1065
- Birth: Etienne de Langres was born circa 1065.
Marguerite de Langres
F, b. 1095, d. 1163
- Birth: Marguerite de Langres was born in 1095.
- Death: She died in 1163, at age ~68.
Beatrice of Albon
F, b. 1161, d. December 15, 1228
- Birth: Beatrice of Albon was born in 1161 in Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France.
- Death: She died on December 15, 1228, at age ~67.
Guy V of Albon
M, b. 1125, d. July 29, 1162
- Birth: Guy V of Albon was born in 1125 in Isere, Vienne, Poitou, France.
- Death: He died on July 29, 1162, at age ~37, in Chateau de Vizille, France.
Beatriz of Montferrat
F, b. circa 1145
- Birth: Beatriz of Montferrat was born circa 1145 in Montferrat, Piedmont, Italy.