F, b. circa 1200
- Birth: Isabel D'Aubigny was born circa 1200.
M, b. 1153, d. 1210
- Birth: William Fitzalan was born in 1153.
- Death: He died in 1210, at age ~57.
M, b. circa 1160
- Birth: William Fitzalan was born circa 1160 in Oswestrie, Shropshire, England.
- Note: William FitzAlan I, who in the contest between King Stephen and the Empress Maud, being then Governor of Shrewsbury and Sheriff of the County of Salop, held the castle for Maud until it was taken by assault. He was also with the Empress at the siege of Winchester Castle, in the 6th of King Stephen, when she and her whole army were put to flight, and continuing to adhere stoutly to the same cause, he was reconstituted Sheriff of Salop, so soon as King Henry II obtained the crown. He married Isabel de Say, daughter of Helias de Say, Lady of Clun, and died sometime before 1160. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 848.)
Isabel de Say
F, b. circa 1160
- Birth: Isabel de Say was born circa 1160.
M, b. circa 1078, d. 1114
- Birth: Alan Fitzflaald was born circa 1078 in Dol, Liie-et-Villaine, Normandy, France.
- Death: He died in 1114 in Oswestrie, Shropshire, England.
- Note: Alan Fitz Flaad, who was sometimes called Fitz Harold, because his grandmother was widow of Harold. He is first mentioned as a witness at the Court of Henry I at Windsor September 3, 1101. About 1109 Alan Fitz Flaad gave the Manor of Eaton to Norwich Priory. He married Adeliza, daughter of Warine, Sheriff of Shropshire, and had in her right the Barony of Warine. Her mother was Ameria, daughter of Roger Montgomery. Alan obtained by gift the Castle of Oswaldestre, with the territory adjoining, which had belonged to Meredith, Prince of Powis ap Bleddyn, King of Powis. Alan and Adeliza had two sons, Walter, Seneschal or Stewart of Scotland, from whom descends Walter, High Stewart of Scotland, who married the daughter, Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, and were parents of Robert II, King of Scotland. The other son was William Fitz Ala (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 872.)
Avelina de Hesdin
F, b. circa 1095
- Birth: Avelina de Hesdin was born circa 1095.
M, b. circa 1046, d. 1102
- Birth: Flaald Fitzbanquo was born circa 1046 in Bretagne, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France.
- Marriage: He and Gwenta Verch Gruffydd were married in 1077.
- Death: Flaald Fitzbanquo died in 1102 in Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales.
- Note: Fleance or Flaald or Flathold, son of Banquo, when his father was slain by Macbeth, sought the protection of Griffith ap Llewellyn, Prince of South Wales, and abused his confidence, winning the affections of his daughter, the Princess Gwenta, who after (the writer hopes) a private marriage, though history fails to record one, gave birth to a son, whom all legends agree in naming Alan, but she and her lover were put to death by the irate father. The Princess Gwenta was the daughter of Griffith, Prince of North Wales, by Agatha, daughter of the Earl of Mercia, and granddaughter of the Lady Godiva of Coventry. Agatha was the widow of Harold, King of England, who was killed at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, when he was defeated by William, the Conqueror, and the Norman army. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 847-848.)
Gwenta Verch Gruffydd
F, b. circa 1050
- Birth: Gwenta Verch Gruffydd was born circa 1050.
- Marriage: She and Flaald Fitzbanquo were married in 1077.
- Note: Princess Gwenta was the daughter of Griffith, Prince of North Wales, by Agatha, daughter of the Earl of Mercia, and granddaughter of the Lady Godiva of Coventry. Agatha was the widow of Harold, King of England, who was killed at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, when he was defeated by William, the Conqueror, and the Norman army.
Alan Seneschal dol Fitzalan
M, b. circa 1020, d. 1080
- Birth: Alan Seneschal dol Fitzalan was born circa 1020.
- Death: He died in 1080 in Palestine.
- Note: Banquo is a character in the play Macbeth, by William Shakespeare. He is with Macbeth during the encounter with the witches near the beginning of the play. After predicting that Macbeth would be king, they predict that Banquo would never himself be king, but would beget a line of kings (the Stuart family of Scottish and English kings). Macbeth later sends murderers to kill him and his son Fleance. Fleance escapes, and the ghost of Banquo returns to haunt Macbeth at the Banquet in Act 3, Scene 4 (Banquet-Banquo word similarity). Although Macbeth was certainly a historical figure (a very different one from the character in the play), Banquo's actual historical existence is more questionable. He is mentioned by Holinshed, and other chroniclers, as an accomplice of Macbeth in his usurpation, and as being the ancestor of the Fitzalan High Stewards of Scotland, from whom the new King, James I, descended, but this descent was disproven in the 19th century, when it was discovered that the Fitzalans actually descended from a Breton family. Whether or not Banquo, Thane of the Scottish province of Lochaber, actually existed remains in doubt. (Wikipedia)
Banquo married daughter of Malcolm II. From them the House of FitzAlan and the Royal House of Stewart or Stuart, of the Scottish and English kings. The origin of the House of FitzAlan is shrouded in obscurity, and what we know of it is enveloped in mystery and surrounded by poetry, which take it almost out of the region of history. It is the more difficult to unravel the truth, that the master hand of Shakespeare has assisted in its development, and with a master's hand has presented it to the curious and the learned. Not that Shakespeare has directly touched upon the FitzAlan family, but he has incidentally introduced into his greatest drama a personage who, at his date, was not known to be in any way connected with the family, but who in all probability was its true founder--Banquo, Thane of Lochabar, who with Macbeth was a general in the army of King Duncan, whose mother was sister to Banquo's wife. (Macbeth was also a grandchild of Malcolm II, through his mother.) In Shakespeare's play Macbeth, the witches promise Macbeth and Banquo that their children shall both mount the throne and for this reason Macbeth is jealous of Banquo and has him murdered, but Fleance, Banquo's son, escapes. Macbeth also murders King Duncan, but is King only a few years, when Malcolm III invaded Scotland and Macbeth is killed. Shakespeare knew that made Banquo the ancestor of the Stuarts, and the story in his hands became a matter of world-wide fame. He was careful not to make little mention that Banquo was of Macbeth's party in his play, because he was progenitor of the royal house which at length occupied the throne of England. Bonquo, according to Scottish accounts, was most nobly descended, being in direct line from the ancient kings of Ireland. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 847.)
F, b. circa 1028, d. 1077
- Birth: Ava DeNorton was born circa 1028.
- Death: She died in 1077 in Bretagne, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France.
Warine de Hesdin
M, b. circa 1065
- Birth: Warine de Hesdin was born circa 1065.
- Note: ("Griffith son of Llywelyn") was the ruler of all Wales from 1055 until his death, one of very few able to make this boast. He was the son of Llywelyn ap Seisyll and a descendant of Rhodri the Great. On the death of Iago ab Idwal in 1039, Gruffydd unexpectedly seized control of Gwynedd, and successfully waged war with Mercia, then attacked the neighbouring principality of Deheubarth. By 1044, he had conquered Deheubarth, but lost it again in 1047. Allying himself with the Mercians, he proceeded to gain considerable ground along what is now the English border, and in 1055 he sacked Hereford. Deheubarth came back within his power in the same year, and he claimed sovereignty over the whole of Wales - a claim which was recognised by the English. Gruffydd reached an agreement with Edward the Confessor, but was less successful in holding off the incursions of Harold Godwinson. His own men deserted him, and he was murdered by them and his territory broken up among several successors. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
GRUFFYDH AP LLEWELYN who succeeded Iago or Jago ap Edwal as Prince of North Wales 1037 and slew and succeeded Howel ap Edwin as Prince of South Wales 1043; at last slain by some of his intimates whom Harald, son of Earl Goodwin, had hired in 1065. (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 185.)
Ameria de Montgomery
F, b. circa 1080
- Birth: Ameria de Montgomery was born circa 1080.
Seisyll Ap Ednywain
M, b. circa 938
- Birth: Seisyll Ap Ednywain was born circa 938 in Wales, United Kingdom.
Prawst Verch Elise
F, b. circa 940
- Birth: Prawst Verch Elise was born circa 940 in Gwynedd, Wales.
Maradydd Ap Owain
M, b. circa 938, d. 999
- Birth: Maradydd Ap Owain was born circa 938 in Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales.
- Death: He died in 999.
- Note: MEREDITH AP OWEN who succeeded Cadwallon ap Jevaf as Prince of North Wales 986 and his father as Prince of South Wales and Powis 987; lost North Wales to Edwal ap Meyric 992 and died 1003. (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 182)
Maredudd ap Owain (died 999) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. Maredydd was the grandson of Hywel Dda. His father, Owain ap Hywel Dda, was king of Deheubarth. As Owain grew too old to lead in battle his son Maredydd took his place, and in 986 captured Gwynedd from Cadwallon ab Ieuaf. On Owain's death in 988 Maredydd also became ruler of Deheubarth. He may have controlled all Wales apart from Gwent and Morgannwg. He is recorded as raiding Mercian settlements on the borders of Radnor and as paying a ransom of one penny a head to rescue some of his subjects who had been taken captive in Viking raids. Danish raids were a constant problem during Maredudd's reign. In 987 Godfrey Haroldson raided Anglesey, killing one thousand and carrying away two thousand as captives. Maredudd died in 999 and was described by the annalists as "the most famous king of the Britons". Following his death, the throne of Gwynedd was recovered for the line of Idwal Foel by Cynan ap Hywel. (Wikipedia.)
Helias de Say
M, b. circa 1135
- Birth: Helias de Say was born circa 1135.
Thomas of Saluzzo
M, b. 1244, d. December 23, 1296
- Birth: Thomas of Saluzzo was born in 1244 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: He and Luisa of Ceva were married in 1258.
- Death: Thomas of Saluzzo died on December 23, 1296, at age ~52.
- Note: Thomas I (d.1296) was the fourth margrave of Saluzzo from 1244 to his death. He succeeded his father Manfred III.
Under the reign of Thomas, Saluzzo blossomed, achieving a greatness which had eluded his ancestors. He grafted a state whose borders remained unchanged for over two centuries. He extended the march to include Caramagnola. He was often at odds with Asti and he was a prime enemy of the Charles of Anjou and his Italian pretensions. During his tenure, he made Saluzzo a free city, giving it a podestà to govern in his name. He defended his castles and roccaforti vigorously and built many new ones in the cities. He was succeeded by his son Manfred. (Wikipedia.)
Luisa of Ceva
F, b. 1240, d. August 22, 1291
- Birth: Luisa of Ceva was born in 1240 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: She and Thomas of Saluzzo were married in 1258.
- Death: Luisa of Ceva died on August 22, 1291, at age ~51.
Manfredo King of Sicily
M, b. 1232, d. February 26, 1266
- Birth: Manfredo King of Sicily was born in 1232 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: He and Beatrice of Savoy were married in March 1233.
- Death: Manfredo King of Sicily died on February 26, 1266, at age ~34, in Benevento, Campania, Italy.
- Note: Manfred III (d. 1244) was the third marquess of Saluzzo, from 1215 to his death. He was the son of Boniface of Saluzzo and Maria di Torres of Sassari (in Sardinia). Since his father died in 1212, he succeeded his grandfather Manfred II as marquess on the latter's death in 1215. His paternal grandmother Azalaïs or Adelasia of Montferrat was regent during his minority until 1218. During that period, his grandmother paid tribute to Count Thomas I of Savoy. Manfred fought the expansionistic policies of Thomas, as had his father, and he defended the borders of his march with care. He died in 1244 and was succeeded by his son Thomas. (Wikipedia.)
Beatrice of Savoy
F, b. March 4, 1223, d. 1258
- Birth: Beatrice of Savoy was born on March 4, 1223 in Savoy, France.
- Marriage: She and Manfredo King of Sicily were married in March 1233.
- Death: Beatrice of Savoy died in 1258, at age ~35, in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
Bonifacio of Saluzzo
M, b. circa 1184, d. 1212
- Birth: Bonifacio of Saluzzo was born circa 1184 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: He and Maria de Torres were married on August 24, 1202.
- Death: Bonifacio of Saluzzo died in 1212.
Maria de Torres
F, b. circa 1180
- Birth: Maria de Torres was born circa 1180 in Torres, Sardinia, Italy.
- Marriage: She and Bonifacio of Saluzzo were married on August 24, 1202.
Manfredo II of Saluzzo
M, b. 1140, d. February 1215
- Birth: Manfredo II of Saluzzo was born in 1140 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died in February 1215, at age ~75, in Ende, Italy.
- Note: Marquess of SaluzzoManfred II (1140 – 1215) was the second margrave of Saluzzo from his father's death in 1175 to his own. He was the son of Manfred I and Eleanor. He placed the capital of the margravate definitively in Saluzzo.
He expanded the march and fought against the expansionism of the neighbouring counts of Savoy. After several minor skirmished, the two principalities came to terms in 1213 and peace was established for the final two years of his life. However, on his death, his widow, Alaisia of Montferrat, had to pay tribute on behalf of her son and for the next century, Saluzzo was a vassal of Savoy. He was succeeded by his eponymous son, Manfred III. (Wikipedia.)
Alaisia of Montferrat
F, b. circa 1157, d. 1232
- Birth: Alaisia of Montferrat was born circa 1157 in Montferrat, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: She died in 1232.
- Note: Azalaïs of Montferrat (also Adelasia or Alasia) (d. 1232), was marchioness and regent of Saluzzo. Azalaïs was one of at least three daughters of William V of Montferrat and his wife Judith of Babenberg. Her brothers included William of Montferrat, Count of Jaffa and Ascalon, Conrad I of Jerusalem, and Boniface of Montferrat.
She married Marquis Manfred II of Saluzzo before 1182, in which year she received lands in Saluzzo, Racconigi, Villa, Centallo and Quaranta, in case her marriage (like that of her sister Agnes) should need to be annulled for reasons of sterility. However, after this date, she bore at least five children. Like her brother Boniface, Azalaïs was a patron of troubadours. She is mentioned in Peire Vidal's song, Estat ai gran sazo and is the dedicatee of his Bon' aventura don Dieus als Pizas. Around 1192, she had built the church of San Lorenzo, which she granted to the canons of San Lorenzo in Oulx; her eldest son, Boniface, named after her brother, is mentioned for the first time in the donation. However, Boniface died in 1212, and with the death of her husband in February 1215, Azalaîs became regent of Saluzzo for her grandson, Manfred III.
In 1216, she made a treaty with Thomas I of Savoy for a marriage between his son Amadeus and her grand-daughter Agnes; however, the marriage never took place. Amadeus married Anne of Burgundy, and Agnes became Abbess of the Cistercian convent of Santa Maria della Stella in Rifreddo. Azalaïs also made political and ecclesiastical agreements with Alba and with the Bishop of Asti.
When young Manfred reached his majority in 1218, Azalaïs returned to church patronage. In 1224, she endowed the convent of Rifreddo with the income of the church of San Ilario. In 1227, she made further grants to the canons of Oulx. She died in 1232, and was buried in the Cistercian abbey of Santa Maria di Staffarda. (Wikipedia.)
Manfred I of Saluzzo
M, b. 1111, d. 1175
- Birth: Manfred I of Saluzzo was born in 1111 in Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: He died in 1175, at age ~64.
- Note: Manfred I (d.1175) was the first margrave of Saluzzo in the last year of his life alone, being an old man when the Emperor Frederick I appointed him margrave. He was the eldest son of Boniface del Vasto, the margrave of Western Liguria, of a noble stock which had ruled the region between Savona and Ventimiglia for generations. Boniface received the county of Saluzzo in feudum directly from its suzerain, Ulric Manfred, margrave of Turin, and gave it to his son. The county comprised the land between the Alps, the Po, and the Stura. Manfred transmitted the margravate to his son by Eleanor, Manfred II, and the dynasty which reigned until the Renaissance was born. (Wikipedia.)