William of Percy
M, b. 1112, d. 1168
- Birth: William of Percy was born in 1112 in Whitby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England.
- Death: He died in 1168, at age ~56, in Salley Craven, West Riding, Yorkshire, England.
- Note: William de Percy, 4th Baron Percy, born 1112, died 1168. He was the last of the direct male line. He married Adeliza de Tunbridge, daughter of Richard, 3rd Earl of Clare. They had Walter, Alan and Richard who died sine prole. William, the 4th son, was Abbot of Whitby, d. s. p. Maud married William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and died d. s. p. 1203, at which time she gave most of her estates to Richard de Percy, son of her sister Agnes. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 550)
William de Percy, 4th Baron Percy, who at the age of 25 led a goodly band of Yorkshiremen to fight with King Stephen against the Scottish invaders. By his first wite, Adeliza de Tunbridge, daughter of Richard, Earl of Clare, he had four sons, none of whom left issue, and two daughters in whom all his baronies, manors, and other rights and titles became vested. Maud, the eldest daughter, married William de Newburgh, who fell in the Crusades of 1184 without issue. She died 1203, aged 71, and bequeathed her half of her father's estate to her youngest nephew, Richard de Percy. Now such a bequest she had absolutely no right to make. Dying childless, her estates should have passed to her sister Agnes, who thus became the sole heir. But the Countess Maud was apparently a person of strong will and had moreover taken a fancy to her aforesaid nephew Richard, in whom she perceived something of the old doughty spirit of William Alsgernon. The eldest nephew, Henry de Percy, was already dead, and his son a young child, so that Maud found less difficulty in persuading her sister Agnes to covenant with her into a "family agreement" by which the great Percy estates should continue divided. This led later to serious complications, and gave Richard de Percy an excuse for usurping a title to which he had no right, that of Baron Percy. Having accomplished thus in favor of her nephew, Maud died and her sister and co-heir, Agnes de Percy, became the sole inheritor of the line which for five generations had lorded it over North Riding. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 829.)
Alice de Clare
F, b. 1117
- Birth: Alice de Clare was born in 1117 in Tunbridge, Kent, England.
M, b. circa 1088, d. 1133
- Birth: William Percy was born circa 1088 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England.
- Death: He died in 1133.
Alice de Ros
F, b. circa 1088
- Birth: Alice de Ros was born circa 1088.
M, b. circa 1069, d. 1120
- Birth: Alan Percy was born circa 1069 in Calvados, Normandie, France.
- Death: He died in 1120.
- Note: 2nd Baron Percy Alan de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy, was born circa 1069 and died 1120. He married Emma, daughter of Gilbert de Gaunt, Baron of Folkingham, and granddaughter of Baldwin, Count of Flanders. History tells us little of this 2nd Baron, save that he was called Magnus Alanus, or Great Alan; that he kept intact the wide possessions of his father; his marriage with Emma de Ghent was a powerful and illustrious alliance, for Emma was also a grandniece of Queen Matilda. Alan de Percy died 1120, and was buried beside the heart if his father in Whitby Abbey. He had William, Walter, Geoffrey, Henry Robert and Gosfrid. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 550)
Alan de Percy. History tells us very little of this, the 2nd Baron Percy by tenure, save that he was called Magnus Alanus, or Great Alan; that he kept intact the wide possessions of his father; and that his wife was Emma de Ghent, daughter of Gilbert de Ghent, Baron de Folkingham, which Gilbert was son of Baldwin, Earl of Flanders, and nephew of Matilda of Flanders, wife of the Conqueror. This was a powerful and illustrious alliance, for Emma was also a grandniece of Matilda, daughter of Malcolm, King of Scotland, wife of Henry I, King of England. Alan de Percy died in 1120 and was buried beside the heart of his father, in Whitby Abbey. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 828-829)
ALAN DE PERCY, second Baron de Percy, surnamed the Great; born circa 1069; died 1120; buried in Whitby Abbey; married Emma, daughter of Gilbert de Gant, Baron de Folkingham, son of Baldwin, Count of Flanders, and a nephew of William the Conquerer. (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 89.)
Emma de Gaunt
F, b. circa 1075
- Birth: Emma de Gaunt was born circa 1075 in Folkingham, Lincolnshire, England.
M, b. circa 1030
- Birth: William Percy was born circa 1030.
Emma de Porte
F, b. circa 1030, d. 1096
- Birth: Emma de Porte was born circa 1030 in Calvados, Normandie, France.
- Death: She died in 1096.
- Note: William's Heart is buried in Whitby Abbey.
Earl of Caux and Poiters William de Percie, who settled in the North of England, Count of Caux and Poicters, then chief of his name, held the Chateau of Percy, near Villediue in what is now the Arrondessement of St. Lo, Department of La Manches together with other great estates in both Lower and Upper Normandy. He was a man of obstinate, domineering character, not untinged by superstitution, yet enlightened and charitable beyond his time--such was William de Percy, who was nicknamed "Alsgernons." He obtained 32 lordships in Lincolnshire, 86 in Yorkshire exclusive of Whitby, where he founded a Benedictine Abbey. William died in sight of Jerusalem, 1096, while on the First Crusade. He was buried at Antioch, but his heart was sent to England and buried at Whitby. By his English wife, Emma de Porte, he left four sons: Alan, Walker, William and Richard. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 550)
William de Percy, first son, Earl of Caux and Poiters, a follower of William the Conqueror into England, who bestowed on him 32 lordships in Lincolnshire and 86 in Yorkshire, exclusive of the lordship of Whitby, where he founded a Benedictine Abbey. He was surnamed Alsgernon (William with the Whiskers). He accompanied Duke Robert of Normandy on the First Crusade, 1096, and died at Mount Joy, near Jerusalem, that celebrated eminence whence the pilgrims of the cross first viewed the Holy City. He was buried there, but his heart was sent back to England and buried at Whitby. He left four sons and two daughters by his wife Emma, a lady of Saxon descent, whose lands were amongst those bestowed on him by the Conqueror, and according to the ancient Chronicler, "he wedded hyr that was very heire to them, in discharging his conscience." His lordship was succeeded in his feudal rights and possessions by his eldest son, Alan. Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, had devastated this entire region between York and Durham, and William rode into the midst of these blackened, blood-soaked lordships, and little by little he drew the starving, wild-eyed English out of their lurking places, filled their mouths with food and found work suited to their weakness. He built and fortified the Castles of Spofforth and Topcliffe, which long remained the chief strongholds of his line. For twenty-five years he labored among his people, before the desert began to smile; but in the end success was his. In North Riding of York today there is not a field of grain or grass that does not owe some of its sap to the generous obstinacy of William de Percy. It is said in all England there was no more obstinate man that he--it was an age when both throne and church claimed absolute sway--yet it may fairly be said that to neither priest nor king did the first English Percy yield one inch of the way. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 828.)
M, b. circa 1005
- Birth: Geoffrey Percy was born circa 1005 in Calvados, Normandie, France.
- Note: Son of William de Percy, Earl of Caux, made Earl of Poiters by Richard, Duke of Normandy. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 828)
The title of Earl of Northumberland was created several times in the Peerages of England and Great Britain. Its most famous holders were the House of Percy (also Perci), who were the most powerful noble family in Northern England for much of the Middle Ages. The heirs of the Percys were ultimately made Duke of Northumberland in 1766.
The Percys, descended from a Danish raider named Mainfred who settled in the Pays de Caux (northwest of Rouen) in the ninth century, had modest estates in Yorkshire, bestowed by the Conqueror on the first of the name to arrive in England in his train. (Wikipedia.)
F, b. circa 1005
- Birth: Margaret was born circa 1005.
William de Percy
M, b. circa 985
- Birth: William de Percy was born circa 985.
Everard de Ross
M, b. circa 1060
- Birth: Everard de Ross was born circa 1060.
M, b. 1139, d. April 1185
- Birth: Adam Bruce was born in 1139 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England.
- Death: He died in April 1185, at age ~46.
- Note: Richard FitzGilbert de ClareSon of Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare and Alice (Adeliza) de Claremont. Founded the priory of Tonbridge. In April 1136, he was caught by surprise and slain by Welsh chieftains, Joworth and his brother Morgan-ap-Owen, in a woody tract called "the ill-way of Coed Grano", near the Abbey of Lanthony, Abergavenny. His widow, Adelize, was rescued from the Welsh by Miles of Gloucester. (Wikipedia)
Richard de Clare, "3rd Earl of Clare," was born before 1105. He was created Earl of Hertford about 1136 for his miltary services, and being one of those who lived by the power of his sword, entered Wales, there planted himself and became lord of vast territories, but was finally slain in a skirmish with a few Welsh noblemen on April 15, 1136. He married Alice, daughter of Ranulph, Earl of Chester, who died in 1128, and married Lucia, daughter of Algar, Earl of Mercia, son of Leofric and "Lady Godiva." He was succeeded by his eldest son, Gilbert, 2nd Earl of Hertford, who died in 1151, and having no issue was succeeded by his brother, Roger. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 537)
RICHARD DE CLARE, eldest son, succeeded his father and is said to have been the first to bear the title of Earl of Hertford; slain by the Welsh in 1139; married Alice, sister of Ranulph II, Earl of Chester. (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 115.)
Agnes of Albermarle
F, b. 1115
- Birth: Agnes of Albermarle was born in 1115 in Aumaule, Seine Inferieure, Normany France.
M, b. circa 1113, d. 1167
- Birth: Adam Bruce was born circa 1113 in Durham, England.
- Death: He died in 1167.
Ivetta de Arches
F, b. circa 1116
- Birth: Ivetta de Arches was born circa 1116 in York, Yorkshire, England.
M, b. circa 1078, d. May 11, 1141
- Birth: Robert Bruce was born circa 1078 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England.
- Death: He died on May 11, 1141 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England.
- Note: Robert de Brus (c.1078-1141), received from David I of Scotland the lordship of Annandale, in Scotland. He renounced his lordship of Annandale after supporting the English in the Battle of the Standard 1138, but it was later restored to his younger son, the 2nd Lord of Annandale. (Wikipedia)
ROBERT DE BRUS, Lord of Skelton and Hertness, who obtained the lordship of Annandale by his second marriage with Agnes Annand, heiress of that vast estate; founded Ginsbrough Abbey; present at the battle of the Standard; died 1141; buried at Ginsbrough; married, first, Agnes, daughter of Fulke Pannell (Paganal). (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 121)
Robert de Brus married 1st Agnes Paganel, died 1141, and was buried at Gysborn, his birthplace. He obtained the lordship of Annandale, in Scotland, in marriage with Agnes Annand, heiress to that vast estate. By this lady, who was his 2nd wife, he had issue two sons and a daughter. The eldest son, William de Brus, was first Lord of Annandale, in Scotland, which David, King of Scotland, had given to his father, also great possessions in southeast Scotland, which descended to his posterity, the Royal House of Bruce, of Scotland, when his great-grandson became King of Scotland. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 764)
Robert I de Brus (died 1142) was an early 12th century Norman baron and knight, responsible for founding the Bruce dynasty of Britain.
According to early modern historiographical tradition, he was supposedly the son of a Norman noble named Robert de Brus (sometimes Adam de Brus) who came to England with William the Conqueror in 1066 and died in 1094. The latter's existence though is now discredited. Robert seems in fact to have come from Brix, near Cherbourg in the Cotentin Peninsula, and came to Britain after King Henry I of England's conquest of Normandy. David fitz Malcolm (after 1124, King David I of Scotland) was present with King Henry and was given much of the Cotentin Peninsula. Robert's presences and absences at Henry's court seem to coincide with David's, and Robert was undoubtedly present when David forced King Alexander I of Scotland to hand over a large chunk of land in southern Scotland around 1113. David probably made Robert Lord of Annandale sometime soon after this, and when David became King of Scots in 1124, one of his first acts was to confirm Brus in his Annandale possessions.
After the death of King Henry, David turned against Henry's successor Stephen. On this basis Robert and David fell out, and Robert renounced his homage to David before the Battle of the Standard in 1138. Robert had two sons by Agnes, daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, sheriff of York. His older son Adam also allegedly fought against David at the Battle of the Standard, but his younger son Robert chose to remain in David's allegiance, fighting against his own father. It was the younger Robert who was given possession of Annandale. Adam and his descendents continued to hold lands in England as Lord of Skelton. Robert the elder died in 1142.
Robert was also a monastic patron, and is most remembered as the founder of Guisborough Priory in Yorkshire. (Wikipedia.)
F, b. circa 1078
- Birth: Agnes Paganel was born circa 1078.
M, b. circa 1044
- Birth: William Fitzansculph was born circa 1044 in Dudley, Worcestershire, England.
- Note: Besides possessing 26 manors in Staffordshire, 14 in Worcestershire, 5 in Warwickshire, all laying within 5 miles of the Castle, had 47 in the other counties. Whether or not he left issue Dugdale could not discover, but he supposes him to have had a daughter Beatrice, who, becoming the wife of Fulke Paganel, carried Dudley to that family. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 285.)
Ansculph de Pinchingi
M, b. circa 1014
- Birth: Ansculph de Pinchingi was born circa 1014 in England.
M, b. circa 1030
- Birth: Ralph Paganel was born circa 1030.
- Note: Ralph Paganel, in the time of William, the Conqueror, founded the priory of Holy Trinity in Yorkshire in 1089. He married Matilda.
F, b. circa 1030
- Birth: Matilda was born circa 1030.
M, b. circa 1060
- Birth: Fulke Paganel was born circa 1060 in Dudley, Worcestershire, England.
- Note: Fulke Paganel married Beatrice, daughter and heiress of the above mentioned William Fitz-Ansculph and brought to him the Castle of Dudley in Staffordshire. Certain it is that Fulke possessed a great portion of Fitz-Ansculph's lands, and with them founded the priory of Newport Paganel, in Bucks. According to some he was descended from a match between Gervase Paganel with Phillis, daughter and heir of Athelstan, a descendant of Dud or Dodo or Dudde, the founder of Dudley Castle, a Mercian Duke, who erected it about the year 700, who was the Earl of Coventry, Someri and Arden, and who married Effrie, daughter of Edmund Ironsides, King of England. The name Dudley derives from the Celtic word Dodd, a rush or flag or ley, an open field or large pasture. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 285-286)
FULK PAGANALL possessed a great part of the lands of William FitzAsculph and founded a monastery near Newport in Buckinghamshire (since called Tickford); married Beatrix, daughter and heir of William FitzAsculph, and thereby acquired the Castle of Dudley. William FitzAsculph (sometimes called Ansculph de Pinchingi) possessed eighty-six lordships, whereof the castle of Dudley was his principal seat and head of his barony. (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 123.)
F, b. circa 1074
- Birth: Beatrice Fitzwilliam was born circa 1074 in Dudley, Worcestershire, England.
William de Arches
M, b. circa 1090
- Birth: William de Arches was born circa 1090.