F, b. circa 1068
- Birth: Alice was born circa 1068 in Traves, Haute-Saone, France.
Stephen De Treves
M, b. circa 1040
- Birth: Stephen De Treves was born circa 1040 in Traves, Haute-Saone, France.
Gaucher III Sire Salins
M, b. 1088, d. August 15, 1175
- Birth: Gaucher III Sire Salins was born in 1088 in Salins, Seine-et-Marne, France.
- Death: He died on August 15, 1175, at age ~87.
Guillaume I Count Of Geneva
M, b. 1130, d. July 25, 1195
- Birth: Guillaume I Count Of Geneva was born in 1130 in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Death: He died on July 25, 1195, at age ~65.
Beatrix De Faucigny
F, b. 1138
- Birth: Beatrix De Faucigny was born in 1138 in Faucigny, Haute-Savoie, France.
Amadeo I Count Of Geneva
M, b. circa 1110
- Birth: Amadeo I Count Of Geneva was born circa 1110 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Mathilde De Cuiseaux
F, b. circa 1110
- Birth: Mathilde De Cuiseaux was born circa 1110 in Cuiseaux, Saone-et-Loire, France.
Aimon I Count Of Geneva
M, b. circa 1050
- Birth: Aimon I Count Of Geneva was born circa 1050 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Itha De Faucigny
F, b. circa 1086
- Birth: Itha De Faucigny was born circa 1086 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Thietburge Of Savoy
F, b. circa 1012
- Birth: Thietburge Of Savoy was born circa 1012 in France.
Louis Seigneur De Faucigny
M, b. circa 1060
- Birth: Louis Seigneur De Faucigny was born circa 1060.
Pons De Cuiseaux, I
M, b. circa 1086
- Birth: Pons De Cuiseaux, I, was born circa 1086.
Laura De Senecy
F, b. circa 1088
- Birth: Laura De Senecy was born circa 1088.
Aimon I Count De Faucigny
M, b. circa 1110
- Birth: Aimon I Count De Faucigny was born circa 1110 in Faucigny, Haute-Savoie, France.
F, b. circa 1110
- Birth: Clemencia was born circa 1110 in Faucigny, Haute-Savoie, France.
Rodolph De Faucigny
M, b. circa 1085
- Birth: Rodolph De Faucigny was born circa 1085 in Faucigny, Haute-Savoie, France.
St Fernando III King of Castile And Leon
M, b. August 5, 1199, d. May 30, 1252
- Birth: St Fernando III King of Castile And Leon was born on August 5, 1199 in Castile, Burgos, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
- Marriage: He and Elisabeth of Swabia were married on November 30, 1219.
- Marriage: St Fernando III King of Castile And Leon and Joanna Dammartin were married in 1237 in Burgos, Burgos, Spain.
- Death: St Fernando III King of Castile And Leon died on May 30, 1252, at age 52, in Sevilla, Seville, Andalucia, Spain.
- Note: King Saint Fernando III was born in the monastery of Valparaiso in Spain in the year 1199 – exactly 100 years to the month after the death of his illustrious ancestor, Rodrigo Diaz, who was known by the honorary title of El Cid He was a true son of the Cid, of noble heart and bearing. In him would be combined the soul of a knight dedicated entirely to God, the irresistible power of the Cid and, due to his royal heritage, the authority to marshal the might of an entire nation against the enemies of Christ.
Saint Fernando’s father was King Alfonso IX of Leon, and his mother the saintly Lady Bereguera. As his parent’s marriage was annulled by Pope Innocent III, St Fernando was actually raised by his grandfather, King Alfonso VIII of Castile, and his mother. King Alfonso VIII was a great warrior and knight, to whom Christian chivalry was more than just a code of conduct or a set of rules to which he adhered; it was a pursuit of virtue meant to guide him in all of his thoughts and actions. In striving for the ideal of knighthood, he attained a true nobility of character. Living a life of honor, King Alfonso was a magnificent warrior who courageously defended the Church and his kingdom of Castile. He was also an excellent role model for young Fernando, who wanted nothing more than to be a knight of Christ.
St Fernando was still a young man when he became king of Castile. His kingdom was in tatters, as there had been numerous raids by both Christian and Moor into Castile, as well as internal rebellions. Saint Fernando worked tirelessly to restore his realm to prosperity and administer justice throughout his land, though he continued always to train as a warrior.
On the day Saint Fernando became a knight, he prayed:
“Christ, my Lord, I am in Thy hands, the same way this sword is in mine. Show me, my King, what Thou wantest of this Thy knight.”
In the silence and stillness of the night, St Fernando heard Christ answer him:
“I want to make your whole life like a representation and marvelous parable so that the coming centuries may contemplate the war that I, Eternal King and Universal Lord, wage against the powers of darkness, to conquer the entire earth for my Father. Fernando, you will be the noble and considerate king who leads his vassals in this great enterprise, the courageous and mortified King who, above all others, charges ahead in the midst of danger and endures the strain of hard work and the fatigue of battle. You will be the generous and magnanimous King who in victory does not worry about his treasures, but distributes the spoils among his faithful knights.”
God granted to Saint Fernando to see the stark outline of the life that was to be his, a life full of struggles and hardships and warfare. Yet his soul did not quake at the prospect, for he knew that he would be doing God’s will, and that God would be with him as long as he remained true. He was prepared to do whatever was required of him now, and all the days of his life.
King Saint Fernando became one of history’s most gifted and formidable warriors, while being at the same time one of the greatest monarchs who ever ruled. He, like so many men of his time, did not seek to enjoy a long life so much as he sought to live a good life. Thus, he spent his entire life in the service of God, rather than wasting his time in service to himself.
King St Fernando was a man of clear and deep faith, who realized that everything depends on God and that it is He Who grants the victory. He knew, nonetheless, that the Lord never wants to help those who are lazy but to assist with grace those who do everything that is in their power. This effort becomes a prayer of action, when combined with trust in Him.
As a consequence of his holy intentions, all of Saint Fernando’s ventures met with success. He was absolutely invincible, personally as well as while directing his armies, conquering hearts and minds as completely as he did cities and strongholds. He knew that there is no holier enterprise than to do one’s duty before God, and that his first obligation was to rescue his own country.
This great Catholic monarch truly lived his faith, and by his chivalry, loyalty, and generosity of character was worthy of the high regard and friendship of those who had once fought against him. By the kindness and gratitude he showed toward those who rendered service to him, and by his great generosity, he captured the affection and won the willing obedience of his nobility. He always and everywhere applied himself whole heartedly to his duties as king, zealously seeking after justice and prosperity for his people. He was a model of righteousness and proper conduct for his sons, and by his example earned the respect and love of all his children. He was to them the most tender and caring of fathers, leaving them an incomparable heritage the like of which few Christian monarchs could boast.
The legacy of King Saint Fernando III is far-reaching and eternal. It was he who had permanently combined the Kingdoms of Leon and Castile, and with that might he conquered more Islamic territory than any other Christian, expelled the Muslims from most of Andalusia and turned their remaining kings into his obedient vassals. King Fernando’s achievements clearly outstrip those of King Sancho II and King Jaime I, not to mention those of king’s Saint Louis IX, Frederick II and Edward I. At a time when the crusading efforts of all the rest of Christendom hardly sufficed to maintain a foothold on the coast of the Holy Land, Fernando inflicted on medieval Islam its greatest defeat up until that time.
King Saint Fernando had been known as “the Saint” during his lifetime, so it should come as no surprise that immediately after his death his subjects unanimously awarded him a place in celestial glory. St Fernando soon became the object of public veneration, and that same year Pope Innocent IV declared that King Saint Fernando of Castile enjoyed the reputation of “having always followed the path of obedience to the Divine precepts, and that he greatly contributed to the spreading of the worship of the Holy Name of Jesus.”
The body of St Fernando is incorrupt, and he can still be seen in the Cathedral of Seville, for he rests now enclosed in a marvelous gold and crystal casket worthy of the Castilian king. King Saint Fernando is the only king whose earthly crown has never been taken away, for his golden crown still encircles his head as he reclines beneath the statue of the Virgin of the Kings, awaiting the day of resurrection.
F, b. circa 1216, d. March 15, 1278
- Birth: Joanna Dammartin was born circa 1216 in Dammartin, Seine-Et-Marne, France.
- Marriage: She and St Fernando III King of Castile And Leon were married in 1237 in Burgos, Burgos, Spain.
- Death: Joanna Dammartin died on March 15, 1278 in Abbeville, Somme, France.
Alfonso IX "the Slobberer" Fernandez King of Castile
M, b. August 15, 1171, d. September 23, 1230
- Birth: Alfonso IX "the Slobberer" Fernandez King of Castile was born on August 15, 1171 in Zamora, Leon, Spain.
- Death: He died on September 23, 1230, at age 59, in Villaneuva De Sa, Lugo, Spain.
- Note: Alfonso IX had great difficulty in obtaining the throne through his given birthright. In July 1188 his cousin Alfonso VIII of Castile required the younger Alfonso to recognize the elder as overlord in exchange for recognizing the younger's authority in León.
The convening of the Cortes de León in the cloisters of the Basilica of San Isidoro would be one of the most important events of Alfonso's reign. The difficult economic situation at the beginning of his reign compelled Alfonso to raise taxes on the underprivileged classes, leading to protests and a few towns revolts. In response the king summoned the Cortes, an assembly of nobles, clergy and representatives of cities, and subsequently faced demands for compensatory spending and greater external control and oversight of royal expenditures. Alfonso's convening of the Cortes is considered by many historians, including Australia's John Keane, to be instrumental to the formation of democratic parliaments across Europe. Note that Iceland had already held what may have been what is Europe's first parliament, the Þingvellir, in 930. However, the Cortes' 1188 session predates the first session of the Parliament of England, which occurred in the thirteenth century.
In spite of the democratic precedent represented by the Cortes and the founding of the University of Salamanca, Alfonso is often chiefly remembered for the difficulties his successive marriages caused between him with Pope Celestine III. He was first married in 1191 to his first cousin, Theresa of Portugal, who bore him two daughters, and a son who died young. The marriage was declared null by the papal legate Cardinal Gregory for consanguinity.
After Alfonso VIII of Castile was defeated at the Battle of Alarcos, Alfonso IX invaded Castile with the aid of Muslim troops. He was summarily excommunicated by Pope Celestine III. In 1197, Alfonso IX married his first cousin once removed, Berengaria of Castile, to cement peace between León and Castile. For this second act of consanguinity, the king and the kingdom were placed under interdict by representatives of the Pope. In 1198, Pope Innocent III declared Alfonso and Berengaria's marriage invalid, but they stayed together until 1204. The annulment of this marriage by the pope drove the younger Alfonso to again attack his cousin in 1204, but treaties made in 1205, 1207, and 1209 each forced him to concede further territories and rights. The treaty in 1207 is the first existing public document in the Castilian dialect.
The Pope was, however, compelled to modify his measures by the threat that, if the people could not obtain the services of religion, they would not support the clergy, and that heresy would spread. The king was left under interdict personally, but to that he showed himself indifferent, and he had the support of his clergy.
- Note: Children
In 1191, he married Theresa of Portugal, daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal and Queen Dulce of Aragon. Between 1191 and 1196, the year in which their marriage was annulled, three children were born:
Sancha (1191-before 1243) unmarried and without issue. She and her sister Dulce became nuns or retired at the Monastery of San Guillermo Villabuena (León) where she died before 1243.
Ferdinand(1192/1193-1214),unmarried and without issue.
On 17 November 1197 he married infanta Berengaria of Castile, daughter of King Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonor of England. Five children were born of this marriage:
Eleanor (1198/1199 - 11 November 1202).
Constance (1 May 1200 - 7 September 1242), became a nun at the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.
Ferdinand III of Castile (1201-1252). King of Castile in 1217 after the deat of Henry I of Castile and of León in 1230 after the death of his father.
Alfonso (1202-1272), Lord of Molina due to his first marriage to Mafalda González de Lara.
Berengaria of León (1204-1237), in 1224 married John of Brienne.
Alfonso also fathered many illegitimate children. After the annulment of his first marriage and before wedding Berengaria, he had a relationship which lasted about two years with Inés Íñiguez de Mendoza, daughter of Iñigo López de Mendoza and María García, with whom he had a daughter born around 1197:
Urraca Alfonso, the wife of Lope Díaz II de Haro, Lord of Biscay.
He had another relationship afterwards with a noblewoman from Galicia, Estefanía Pérez de Faiam. In 1211, King Alfonso gave her lands in Orense where her family, as can be inferred from her last will dated 1250, owned many estates, as well as in the north of Portugal. She was the daughter of Pedro Menéndez Faiam, who confirmed several royal charters of King Alfonso IX, and granddaughter of Menendo Faiam, who also confirmed several diplomas issued in Galicia as of 1155 by King Ferdinand II of León. After the relationship ended, Estefanía married Rodrigo Suárez with whom she had issue. In her will, she asked to be buried in the Monastery of Fiães in northern Portugal.
Alfonso IX and Estefanía were the parents of:
Ferdinand Alfonso of León (born in 1211), died young.
According to Spanish historian, Julio González, after his relationship with Estefanía, the king had a lover from Salamanca, of unknown origin, whose name was Maura and with whom he had:
Fernando Alfonso de León (ca. 1214/1218 - Salamanca, 10 January 1278), archdeacon of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, who had issue with Aldara de Ulloa.
Of his relationship with the noblewoman from Portugal, Aldonza Martínez de Silva, daughter of Martim Gomes da Silva and his wife Urraca Rodrigues, which lasted from 1214 to 1218, three children were born:
Rodrigo (ca. 1214 - ca. 1268), lord of Aliger and Castro del Río, and Adelantado of the March of Andalusia, he married Inés Rodríguez, daughter of Rodrigo Fernández de Valduerna, Lord of Cabrera and alférez of King Alfonso IX.
Aldonza (died after 1267). Married count Pedro Ponce de Cabrera, and had issue. They are the ancestors of the Ponce de León family.
Teresa Alfonso of León.
King Alfonso's most long-lasting relationship, which began in 1218 and lasted until his death in 1230, was with Teresa Gil de Soverosa. A member of the Portuguese nobility, Teresa was the daughter of Gil Vasques de Soverosa and his first wife María Aires de Fornelos. They had four children, all of them born between 1218 and 1239:
Sancha (d. 1270). Married Simon Ruiz, Lord of Los Cameros. She later became a nun at the convent of Santa Eufemia de Cozuelos which she had founded.
María (died after July 1275). Her first marriage was with Álvaro Fernández de Lara. She was then the concubine of her nephew King Alfonso X of Castile and, according to the Count of Barcelos, her second husband was Suero Arias de Valladares.
Martín (died 1268/1272), married to Maria Mendes de Sousa, founders of the Monastery of Sancti-Spíritus, Salamanca. There was no issue from this marriage.
Urraca (d. after 1252). First married García Romeu, and then Pedro Núñez de Guzmán.
Although Alfonso IX is supposed to have had another son, Pedro Alfonso de León, there is no documentary proof that he was the king's son or that he was the Grand Master of the Order of Santiago.
Berenguela Queen Of Castile
F, b. January 8, 1180, d. November 8, 1246
- Birth: Berenguela Queen Of Castile was born on January 8, 1180 in Burgos, Burgos, Spain.
- Death: She died on November 8, 1246, at age 66, in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
Ferdinand II Alfonsez King Of Leon
M, b. 1137, d. January 21, 1187
- Birth: Ferdinand II Alfonsez King Of Leon was born in 1137 in Toledo, Toledo, Spain.
- Marriage: He and Urraca Affonsez Princess Portugal were married in 1169 in Leon, Leon, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
- Death: Ferdinand II Alfonsez King Of Leon died on January 21, 1187, at age ~50, in Benavente, Zamora, Spain.
Urraca Affonsez Princess Portugal
F, b. 1151, d. October 16, 1188
- Birth: Urraca Affonsez Princess Portugal was born in 1151 in Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
- Marriage: She and Ferdinand II Alfonsez King Of Leon were married in 1169 in Leon, Leon, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
- Death: Urraca Affonsez Princess Portugal died on October 16, 1188, at age ~37, in Leon, Leon, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
Berenguela Raimundo Of Barcelona
F, b. 1108, d. February 13, 1147
- Birth: Berenguela Raimundo Of Barcelona was born in 1108 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
- Death: She died on February 13, 1147, at age ~39.
- Occupation: She was a Queen of Castile.
Affonso I Henriquez "the Conqueror" King of Portugal
M, b. July 25, 1110, d. December 6, 1185
- Birth: Affonso I Henriquez "the Conqueror" King of Portugal was born on July 25, 1110 in Villa de Guimara, Braga, Portugal.
- Marriage: He and Matilde Countess Savoy were married in 1146 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Death: Affonso I Henriquez "the Conqueror" King of Portugal died on December 6, 1185, at age 75, in Mosteiro Decelas, Coimbra, Coimbra, Port.
Matilde Countess Savoy
F, b. circa 1110