Flavius Valentinianus Valentinian
M, b. July 2, 419, d. March 16, 454
- Birth: Flavius Valentinianus Valentinian was born on July 2, 419.
- Death: He died on March 16, 454, at age 34.
F, b. circa 425
- Birth: Eudoxia was born circa 425.
M, b. circa 358, d. 421
- Birth: Constantius, III, was born circa 358.
- Death: He died in 421 in Ravenna, Italy.
- Note: Constantius III (died 421), Western Roman emperor (421). A general in the service of the Western emperor Honorius, Constantius became virtual ruler of the western provinces in 414, when he forced the Visigoths out of Gaul into Spain. In 417 he married Honorius's sister, Galla Placidia. The next year he recalled the Visigoths from Spain and established a kingdom for them in southern Gaul under their ruler Wallia (reigned 415-19). During the last year of his life, Constantius was officially recognized by Honorius as co-emperor.
"Constantius III," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Aelia Galla Placida
F, b. circa 390, d. 450
- Birth: Aelia Galla Placida was born circa 390.
- Death: She died in 450.
Flavius Julius Constantius Roman Emperor
M, b. 317, d. 361
- Birth: Flavius Julius Constantius Roman Emperor was born in 317.
- Death: He died in 361, at age ~44.
- Note: Constantius II, full name FLAVIUS JULIUS CONSTANTIUS (317-61), Roman emperor (351-61), second son of Constantine the Great. On his father's death (337) Constantius was given the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire and became involved in a war with Shapur II, Sassanid king of Persia. When his brother, the Western emperor Constans I, was murdered by a usurper, Magnentius, in 350, Constantius led an army into the Balkans, where he defeated Magnentius at the Battle of Mursa (modern Osijek, Croatia) and became (351) sole ruler of the empire. After campaigning against the Germans and Sarmatians on the Danube River in 357, he returned to the East, where he continued the war against the Sassanids until his death. Constantius favored the Arian form of Christianity, and was an opponent of St. Athanasius, the orthodox bishop of Alexandria.
"Constantius II," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
F, b. circa 317
- Birth: Faustina was born circa 317.
Constantine The Great
M, b. 265, d. 337
- Birth: Constantine The Great was born in 265 in Naissus, Moesia Superior, Serbia.
- Marriage: He and Flavia Maximiana Fausta were married in 307.
- Death: Constantine The Great died in 337, at age ~72, in Nicomedia, Kocaeli, Turkey.
- Note: Constantine was Roman Emperor (A.D. 306-337). He was the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity. With co-Emperor Licinius he issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed tolerance of all religions throughout the empire.
Constantine was born in Naissus, Moesia Superior (modern day Serbia). In 293, the Roman Empire was divided in two by Diocletian, leading to a Western and Eastern Augustus.
Constantine received a formal education at Diocletian’s court where he learnt Latin and Greek and was able to mix with a variety of pagan and Christian scholars. However, the time was also a period of widespread persecution of Christians. In 303, Dioceltian began the great persecution of Christians which led to widespread arrests, executions, and destruction of Church property. Constantine would later claim he opposed those measures, though it is more likely likely he did nothing.
In 305, Constantine left the confines of Galerius court and joined his father in Britain, where he made a base in York. On the death of his father, Constantine was declared Augustus, a decision reluctantly accepted by Galerius.
There then followed years of turmoil and civil war in which Constantine found himself fighting opponents to Roman rule, but also from within different Roman factions.
Constantine was a great military commander winning major victories over the Franks and Alamanni in 306-08, and later against the Visigoths in 332 and the Sarmations in 334.
On 28 October 312, the forces of Maxentius met Constantine’s forces on the river Tyber. Constantine’s army was outnumbered 2:1. But, legends states that in the night he had a significant dream, where he had a vision of Jesus and was told to use the Christian cross. Constantine made his soldiers go into battle with the Christian cross and he made a promise that if successful in battle he would adopt Christianity.
Eusebius, a Christian friend of Constantine describes this moment
“he saw with his own eyes in the heavens a trophy of the cross arising from the light of the sun, carrying the message, In Hoc Signo Vinces or “with this sign, you will conquer”
In the battle the following morning, Constantine was decisively successful, and he was able to enter Rome on the next day. On entering Rome, Constantine embarked on a lengthy propaganda campaign to legitimise his rule and portray himself as a liberator over the tyrant Maxentius.
Constantine was able to consolidate his role, proving his military superiority over his rivals. In 313, he signed with Licinius the edict of Milan. This legalised Christianity and allowed freedom of worship. This edict was often ignored, but it was still an important moment with the principle of tolerating Christianity accepted within the Roman empire.
Another critical moment in the history of early Christianity was in 325 when he summoned the Council of Nicaea, The Council of Nicaea led to the Nicene Creed, which was the most important tract in formalising what Christianity actually was. The Nicene creed asserted the view of St Paul that Christ was divine, and made other versions of Christianity, such as gnosticism and arianism as heretical
Constantine created a new city at Byzantium ‘Constantinople’ (later Istanbul) this was to be the new Rome of the East. The city was famous for it’s beautiful adornments, fountains and sports venues.
Constantine’s Christianity is a matter of conjecture. He didn’t profess Christianity until he was over 40. As well as making tribute to Christianity; he continued to pay his respect to the old pagan traditions and sacrifices to Apollo and Hercules.
Constantine’s mother St Helena was much stronger in her profession of Christian faith. It is believe she was able to influence her son in promoting and protecting Christianity – even if she couldn’t make him share her faith.
In 337, Constantine fell ill and tried to make it back to his capital Constantinople. As he was dying he asked to be baptised by the bishops in the River Jordan.
Flavia Maximiana Fausta
F, b. 289, d. 326
- Birth: Flavia Maximiana Fausta was born in 289.
- Marriage: She and Constantine The Great were married in 307.
- Death: Flavia Maximiana Fausta died in 326, at age ~37.
Aurelius Valerius Constantius
M, b. 242, d. July 25, 306
- Birth: Aurelius Valerius Constantius was born in 242 in Britain.
- Marriage: He and St Helena Of Colchester were married circa 265.
- Death: Aurelius Valerius Constantius died on July 25, 306, at age ~64, in Eboracum (York), Britain.
St Helena Of Colchester
F, b. 248, d. 328
- Birth: St Helena Of Colchester was born in 248 in Britain.
- Marriage: She and Aurelius Valerius Constantius were married circa 265.
- Death: St Helena Of Colchester died in 328, at age ~80, in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Occupation: She was an Empress Byzantine.
- Note: Empress mother of Constantine the Great. She was a native of Bithynia, who married the then Roman general Constantius I Chlorus about 270. Constantine was born soon after, and in 293, Constantius was made Caesar, or junior emperor. He divorced Helena to marry co Emperor Maximian's stepdaughter. Constantine became emperor in 312 after the fateful victory at Milvian Bridge, and Helena was named Augusta, or empress. She converted to Christianity and performed many acts of charity, including building churches in Rome and in the Holy Land. On a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Helena discovered the True Cross. She is believed to have died in Nicomedia. Her porphyry sarcophagus is in the Vatican Museum. Geoffrey of Monmouth, England, started the legend that Helena was the daughter of the king of Colchester, a tradition no longer upheld. In liturgical art Helena is depicted as an empress, holding a cross.
M, b. circa 217
- Birth: Eutropius was born circa 217.
F, b. circa 221
- Birth: Claudia Crispina was born circa 221.
M, b. circa 190
- Birth: Bruttia Crispina was born circa 190.
F, b. circa 190
- Birth: Crispus Commodus was born circa 190.
M, b. circa 160
- Birth: Marcus Aurelius was born circa 160.
F, b. circa 160
- Birth: Faustina was born circa 160.
Julianus Calpernius Piso
M, b. circa 130
- Birth: Julianus Calpernius Piso was born circa 130.
F, b. circa 130
- Birth: Domitia Lucilla was born circa 130.
M, b. circa 090, d. 117
- Birth: Trajan was born circa 090 in Italica, Seville, Spain.
- Death: He died in 117 in Selinus, Cilicia.
Pompeia Plotina Claudia Piso
F, b. circa 090
Family: Trajan (b. circa 090, d. 117)
- Birth: Pompeia Plotina Claudia Piso was born circa 090.
Arrius Calpernia Piso
M, b. circa 060
- Birth: Arrius Calpernia Piso was born circa 060.
- Occupation: He was an Antoninus.
Boionia Procilla Servillia
F, b. circa 060
- Birth: Boionia Procilla Servillia was born circa 060.
Coel II King Of Camulod
M, b. 220, d. 262
- Birth: Coel II King Of Camulod was born in 220.
- Death: He died in 262, at age ~42.
Strada Of Cumbria
F, b. 225
- Birth: Strada Of Cumbria was born in 225.
- Occupation: She was The Fair.
Cadvan Of Cumbria
M, b. circa 188
- Birth: Cadvan Of Cumbria was born circa 188.