M, b. circa 427
- Birth: Celedoin was born circa 427 in France.
M, b. circa 411
- Birth: Nascien was born circa 411 in France.
Fredemundus Of The Franks
M, b. circa 395
- Birth: Fredemundus Of The Franks was born circa 395 in France.
Blessed Pepin Mayor Of Austrasia
M, b. 585, d. 639
- Birth: Blessed Pepin Mayor Of Austrasia was born in 585 in Landen, Austrasia, France.
- Death: He died in 639, at age ~54.
- Note: Frankish mayor of the palace, duke of Brabant, and the chief political figure during the reigns of the Frankish kings Clotaire II, Dagobert I, and Sigebert TI . The husband of Blessed Ita, he was a close ally of Bishop Arnulf of Metz with whom he overthrew Queen Brunhilda of Austrasia. He was soon appointed mayor of the palace for his role. Following an incident in which he reprimanded King Dagobert I for his adulterous life, he was exiled from the court and went into retirement near Aquitaine. Re called to serve as tutor to Dagobert's three year old son, Pepin once more became the chief figure of the king dom until his death. Pepin earned a reputation for defending the interests of the Church, promoting the spread of Christianity, and working to have only truly worthy bishops appointed to Frankish sees. While never canonized, he is listed as a saint in some old martyrologies. He was an ancestor of Charlemagne; his grandson, Pepin of Heristal, founded the Carolingian dynasty.
Itte Of Landen
F, b. 597, d. 652
- Birth: Itte Of Landen was born in 597 in Landen, Austrasia, France.
- Death: She died in 652, at age ~55.
Carloman Mayor Of Austrasia
M, b. 570
- Birth: Carloman Mayor Of Austrasia was born in 570.
Leutwinus Bishop Of Treves
M, b. circa 665, d. 713
- Birth: Leutwinus Bishop Of Treves was born circa 665 in Austrasia, France.
- Death: He died in 713.
Willigarde Of Bavaria
F, b. circa 665
- Birth: Willigarde Of Bavaria was born circa 665 in Bavaria, Germany.
Guerin Count Of Poitiers
M, b. circa 630, d. 677
Family: Kunza (b. circa 625)
- Birth: Guerin Count Of Poitiers was born circa 630.
- Death: He died in 677.
- Occupation: He was a Warinus.
F, b. circa 625
- Birth: Kunza was born circa 625.
- Occupation: She was a Gunza.
M, b. circa 600
- Birth: Bodilon was born circa 600.
F, b. circa 600
- Birth: Sigrada was born circa 600.
- Occupation: She was a Sigree.
M, b. circa 570
- Birth: Ansaud was born circa 570.
St Clodulphe Bishop Of Metz
M, b. 605, d. June 8, 697
- Birth: St Clodulphe Bishop Of Metz was born in 605 in Austrasia, France.
- Death: He died on June 8, 697, at age ~92, in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France.
- Note: Saint Chlodulf (Clodulphe or Clodould) or more commonly Saint Cloud (605 – June 8, 696 or June 8, 697, others say May 8, 697) was bishop of Metz approximately from 657 to 697.
Chlodulf was the son of Arnulf, bishop of Metz, and the younger brother of Ansegisel, mayor of the palace of Austrasia.
Before his ordination Chlodulf had married an unknown woman and had begotten a son called Aunulf.
In 657, he became bishop of Metz, the third successor of his father, and held that office for 40 years. During this time he richly decorated the cathedral of St. Stephen. He also was in close contact with his sister-in-law Saint Gertrude of Nivelles.
He died in Metz and was buried in the church of St. Arnulf. In Nivelles he was locally venerated as Saint Clou, especially because of his connection to Saint Gertrude.
His Feast Day is June 8.
Ermengarde Princess Of Hesbaye
F, b. 778, d. October 3, 818
- Birth: Ermengarde Princess Of Hesbaye was born in 778 in Hesbaye, Liege, Belgium.
- Marriage: She and Louis I King Of France were married in 798.
- Death: Ermengarde Princess Of Hesbaye died on October 3, 818, at age ~40, in Angers, Anjou, Poitou, France.
F, b. circa 620
- Birth: Doda was born circa 620.
M, b. circa 620
Family: Doda (b. circa 620)
- Birth: Rodobertus Robert was born circa 620 in France.
Louis I King Of France
M, b. August 778, d. June 20, 840
- Birth: Louis I King Of France was born in August 778 in Chasseneuil-du-Poitou, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France.
- Marriage: He and Ermengarde Princess Of Hesbaye were married in 798.
- Marriage: Louis I King Of France and Judith Of Andech, Von Altdorf, were married in February 818.
- Death: Louis I King Of France died on June 20, 840, at age 61, in Ingelheim, Rheinhessen, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany.
- Note: King of Aquitaine 781; Emperor 814.
- Note: Louis I (Holy Roman Empire), called The Pious (778-840), Holy Roman emperor (814-840), king of France (814-840), king of Germany (814-840), and king of Aquitaine (781-840). He was the son and sole successor of Charlemagne. In 817 Louis made plans for an orderly succession among his sons: Lothair I, Louis II (Louis the German), and Pepin of Aquitaine. Later he wanted to include in the succession Charles II (Charles the Bald), his son by a second marriage. Dissatisfied, his older sons rebelled (830, 833) against him and fought among themselves for supremacy as well. Pepin died in 838, and in 843 the empire was divided among the three surviving brothers (see Verdun, Treaty of).
"Louis I (Holy Roman Empire)," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
M, b. April 2, 742, d. July 28, 813
- Birth: Charlemagne was born on April 2, 742 in Ingelheim, Rheinhessen, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany.
- Marriage: He and Hildegard Countess Of Vinzgau were married in 772 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia.
- Death: Charlemagne died on July 28, 813, at age 71, in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia.
- Burial: He was buried in Aachen Cathedral, Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia.
- Note: Charlemagne, in Latin Carolus Magnus (Charles the Great) (742-814), king of the Franks (768-814) and Emperor of the Romans (800-14), who led his Frankish armies to victory over numerous other peoples and established his rule in most of western and central Europe. He was the best-known and most influential king in Europe in the Middle Ages. Early Years Charlemagne was born probably in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), on April 2, 742, the son of the Frankish king Pepin the Short and the grandson of Charles Martel. In 751 Pepin dethroned the last Merovingian king and assumed the royal title himself. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II in 754. Besides anointing Pepin, Pope Stephen anointed both Charlemagne and his younger brother Carloman. Within the year Pepin invaded Italy to protect the pope against the Lombards, and in 756 he again had to rush to the pope's aid. From 760 on, Pepin's main military efforts went into the conquest of Aquitaine, the lands south of the Loire River. Charlemagne accompanied his father on most of these expeditions. Campaigns When Pepin died in 768, the rule of his realms was to be shared between his two sons. Charlemagne sought an alliance with the Lombards by marrying (770) the daughter of their king, Desiderius (reigned 757-774). In 771 Carloman died suddenly. Charlemagne then seized his territories, but Carloman's heirs took refuge at the court of Desiderius. By that time Charlemagne had repudiated his wife, and Desiderius was no longer friendly. In 772, when Pope Adrian I appealed to Charlemagne for help against Desiderius, the Frankish king invaded Italy, deposed his erstwhile father-in-law (774), and himself assumed the royal title. He then journeyed to Rome and reaffirmed his father's promise to protect papal lands. As early as 772 Charlemagne had fought onslaughts of the heathen Saxons on his lands. Buoyed by his Italian success, he now (775) embarked on a campaign to conquer and Christianize them. That campaign had some initial success but was to drag on for 30 years, in which time he conducted many other campaigns as well. He fought in Spain in 778; on the return trip his rear guard, led by Roland, was ambushed, a story immortalized in The Song of Roland. In 788 he subjected the Bavarians to his rule, and between 791 and 796 Charlemagne's armies conquered the empire of the Avars (corresponding roughly to modern Hungary and Austria). Coronation Having thus established Frankish rule over so many other peoples, Charlemagne had in fact built an empire and become an emperor. It remained only for him to add the title. On Christmas Day, in 800, Charlemagne knelt to pray in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Leo III then placed a crown upon his head, and the people assembled in the church acclaimed him the great, pacific emperor of the Romans. Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, reported that the king was surprised by this coronation and that had he known it was going to happen, he would not have gone into the church that day. This report has led to much speculation by historians. Charlemagne probably desired and expected to get the imperial title and he subsequently used it. In 813 he designated his sole surviving son, Louis, as his successor, and personally crowned him. Administration Charlemagne established a more permanent royal capital than had any of his predecessors. His favorite residence from 794 on was at Aix-la-Chapelle. He had a church and a palace constructed there, based in part on architectural borrowings from Ravenna and Rome. At his court he gathered scholars from all over Europe, the most famous being the English cleric Alcuin of York, whom he placed in charge of the palace school. Administration of the empire was entrusted to some 250 royal administrators called counts. Charlemagne issued hundreds of decrees, called capitularies, dealing with a broad range of topics from judicial and military matters to monasteries, education, and the management of royal estates. The empire did not expand after 800; indeed, already in the 790s the seacoasts and river valleys experienced the first, dreaded visits of the Vikings. Charlemagne ordered a special watch against them in every harbor, but with little effect. He died before their full, destructive force was unleashed on the empire. Evaluation Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic warrior, who spent most of his adult life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns he imposed baptism by the sword, and he retaliated against rebels with merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and prestige at the service of Christian doctrine, the monastic life, the teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life, held up as a model to most later kings, thus embodied the fusion of Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European civilization.
Contributed By: Lester K. Little
"Charlemagne," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Hildegard Countess Of Vinzgau
F, b. 757
- Birth: Hildegard Countess Of Vinzgau was born in 757 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia.
- Marriage: She and Charlemagne were married in 772 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia.
- Death: Hildegard Countess Of Vinzgau died in Thionville, Moselle, France.
- Burial: She was buried in St Arnoul Abbey, Metz, Austrasia, France.
Pepin Of The Franks
M, b. 714, d. September 24, 768
- Birth: Pepin Of The Franks was born in 714 in Austrasia, France.
- Marriage: He and Bertrada Countess Of Laon were married in 740.
- Death: Pepin Of The Franks died on September 24, 768, at age ~54, in St Denis, Paris, Seine, France.
- Occupation: He was The Short.
- Note: Pepin the Short (circa 714-68), mayor of the palace of Austrasia and king of the Franks (751-68), the son of the Frankish ruler Charles Martel, and the grandson of Pepin of Herstal. He was mayor of the palace during the reign of Childeric III (reigned about 743-751), the last of the Merovingian dynasty. In 751, Pepin deposed Childeric and thus became the first king of the Carolingian dynasty. He was crowned by Pope Stephen II (III) in 754. When the pope was threatened by the Lombards of northern Italy, Pepin led an army that defeated them (754-55). He ceded to the pope territory that included Ravenna and other cities. This grant, called the Donation of Pepin, laid the foundation for the Papal States. Pepin enlarged his own kingdom by capturing Aquitaine, or Aquitania, in southwestern France. He was succeeded by his sons Carloman and Charlemagne as joint kings.
"Pepin the Short," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Bertrada Countess Of Laon
F, b. 720, d. July 12, 783
- Birth: Bertrada Countess Of Laon was born in 720 in Laon, Aisne, France.
- Marriage: She and Pepin Of The Franks were married in 740.
- Death: Bertrada Countess Of Laon died on July 12, 783, at age ~63, in Choisy, Haute-Savoie, France.
- Burial: She was buried in St Denis, Paris, Seine, France.
- Occupation: She was a Queen.
Heribert Count Of Laon
M, b. circa 690
- Birth: Heribert Count Of Laon was born circa 690 in Laon, Aisne, France.
- Marriage: He and Bertrada Princess Of France were married in 719.
Bertrada Princess Of France
F, b. circa 704
- Birth: Bertrada Princess Of France was born circa 704 in Laon, Aisne, France.
- Marriage: She and Heribert Count Of Laon were married in 719.
- Occupation: Bertrada Princess Of France was a Blanche Fleur.
Martin of Laon
M, b. circa 647
- Birth: Martin of Laon was born circa 647 in Austrasia, France.