Little Chute Historical Society

www.littlechutehistory.org

Person Page 19,341

Uracca of Castile

F, b. May 28, 1187, d. November 3, 1220

Parents

Family: Alfonso II "the Fat" King of Portugal (b. April 23, 1185, d. March 25, 1223)

Biography

  • Birth: Uracca of Castile was born on May 28, 1187 in Valencia, Spain.
  • Marriage: She and Alfonso II "the Fat" King of Portugal were married in 1206 in Toledo, Toledo, Spain.
  • Death: Uracca of Castile died on November 3, 1220, at age 33, in Alcobaça, Leiria, Portugal.

Sancho I "the Popular" King of Portugal

M, b. November 11, 1154, d. March 26, 1212

Parents

Family: Aldonza Dulcia of Barcelona (b. 1160, d. September 1, 1198)

Biography

  • Birth: Sancho I "the Popular" King of Portugal was born on November 11, 1154 in Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
  • Marriage: He and Aldonza Dulcia of Barcelona were married in 1175 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
  • Death: Sancho I "the Popular" King of Portugal died on March 26, 1212, at age 57, in Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Aldonza Dulcia of Barcelona

F, b. 1160, d. September 1, 1198

Parents

Family: Sancho I "the Popular" King of Portugal (b. November 11, 1154, d. March 26, 1212)

Biography

  • Birth: Aldonza Dulcia of Barcelona was born in 1160 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
  • Marriage: She and Sancho I "the Popular" King of Portugal were married in 1175 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
  • Death: Aldonza Dulcia of Barcelona died on September 1, 1198, at age ~38, in Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Peter III "the Great" of Aragon

M, b. 1236, d. November 2, 1285

Parents

Family: Constance of Sicily (b. 1249, d. April 9, 1302)

Biography

  • Birth: Peter III "the Great" of Aragon was born in 1236 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
  • Marriage: He and Constance of Sicily were married in 1262 in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, France.
  • Death: Peter III "the Great" of Aragon died on November 2, 1285, at age ~49, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Maria of Guzman

F, b. 1212, d. October 4, 1262

Family: Alfonso X "the Wise" King of Castile (b. November 23, 1221, d. April 4, 1284)

Biography

  • Birth: Maria of Guzman was born in 1212 in Toledo, Toledo, Spain.
  • Marriage: She and Alfonso X "the Wise" King of Castile were married in 1241 in Leon, Leon, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
  • Death: Maria of Guzman died on October 4, 1262, at age ~50, in Alcocer, Guadalajara, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain.

Constance of Sicily

F, b. 1249, d. April 9, 1302

Parents

Family: Peter III "the Great" of Aragon (b. 1236, d. November 2, 1285)

Biography

  • Birth: Constance of Sicily was born in 1249 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Marriage: She and Peter III "the Great" of Aragon were married in 1262 in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, France.
  • Death: Constance of Sicily died on April 9, 1302, at age ~53, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Alfonso IV "the Brave" King of Portugal

M, b. February 8, 1291, d. May 28, 1357

Parents

Family: Beatrix of Leon (b. 1293, d. October 25, 1359)

Biography

  • Birth: Alfonso IV "the Brave" King of Portugal was born on February 8, 1291 in Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
  • Marriage: He and Beatrix of Leon were married on September 12, 1309.
  • Death: Alfonso IV "the Brave" King of Portugal died on May 28, 1357, at age 66, in Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
  • Note: Afonso, born in Lisbon, was the rightful heir to the Portuguese throne. However, he was not Denis' favourite son, the old king preferring his illegitimate son, Afonso Sanches. The notorious rivalry between the half brothers led to civil war several times. On 7 January 1325, Afonso's father died and he became king, whereupon he exiled his rival to Castile, and stripped him of all the lands and fiefdom given by their father. From Castile, Afonso orchestrated a series of attempts to usurp the crown. After a few failed attempts at invasion, the brothers signed a peace treaty, arranged by Afonso's mother Queen Elizabeth.

    In 1309, Afonso IV married Infanta Beatrice of Castile, daughter of King Sancho IV of Castile by his wife María de Molina. The first-born of this union was Infanta Maria of Portugal.

    In 1325 Alfonso XI of Castile entered a child-marriage with Constanza Manuel of Castile, the daughter of one of his regents. Two years later, he had the marriage annulled so he could marry Afonso's daughter, Maria of Portugal. Maria became Queen of Castile in 1328 upon her marriage to Alfonso XI, who soon became involved publicly with a mistress. Constanza was imprisoned in a castle in Toro while her father, Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena, waged war against Alfonso XI until 1329. Eventually, the two reached a peaceful accord after mediation by Juan del Campo, Bishop of Oviedo; this secured Constance's release from prison.

    The public humiliation of his daughter led Afonso IV to have his son and heir, Peter, marry the no less aggrieved Castilian infanta, Constanza. Afonso subsequently started a war against Castile, peace arriving four years later, through the intervention of the Infanta Maria herself. A year after the peace treaty was signed in Seville, Portuguese troops played an important role in defeating the Moors at the Battle of Río Salado in October 1340.

    Political intrigue marked the last part of Afonso IV's reign, although Castille was torn by civil war after Alfonso XI died. Henry of Trastámara challenged the new King Pedro of Castile, who sent many Castilian nobles into exile in Portugal. Afonso's heir, Pedro, fell in love with his new wife's lady-in-waiting, Inês de Castro. Inês was the daughter of an important noble family from Galicia, with links (albeit illegitimate) to both the royal houses of Castile and Portugal. Her brothers were aligned with the Trastamara faction, and became favorites of crown prince Pedro, much to the dismay of others at the Portuguese court, who considered them Castilian upstarts. When Constance of Peñafiel died weeks after giving birth to their third child, Pedro began living openly with Inês, recognized all her children as his and repudiated the idea of marrying anyone other than Inês herself. His father refused to go to war again against Castile, hoping his heir's infatuation would end, and tried to arrange another dynastic marriage for Pedro.

    The situation became worse as the years passed and the aging Afonso lost control over his court. His grandson and Pedro's only legitimate son, future king Fernando of Portugal, was a sickly child, while Inês' illegitimate children thrived. Worried about his legitimate grandson's life, and the growing power of Castile within Portugal's borders, Afonso ordered Inês de Castro first imprisoned in his mother's old convent in Coimbra, and then murdered in 1355. He expected his son to give in and marry a princess, but the heir became enraged upon learning of his lover's decapitation in front of their young child. Pedro put himself at the head of an army and devastated the country between the Douro and the Minho rivers before he was reconciled to his father in early 1357. Afonso died almost immediately after, in Lisbon in May.

    Afonso IV's nickname the Brave alludes to his martial exploits. However, his most important accomplishments were the relative peace enjoyed by the country during his long reign and the support he gave to the Portuguese Navy. Afonso granted public funding to raise a proper commercial fleet and ordered the first Portuguese maritime explorations. The conflict with Pedro, and the explorations he initiated, eventually became the foundation of the Portuguese national epic, Os Lusíadas by Luís de Camões.

    The dramatic circumstances of the relationship between father and son and Inês de Castro was used as the basis for the plot of more than twenty operas and ballets, as well as the "Nise lastimosa" and "Nise laureada" (1577) by Jerónimo Bermúdez, 'Reinar despues de morir' by Luís Vélez de Guevara, "Inez de Castro" by Mary Russell Mitford, and La Reine morte (The Dead Queen) by Henry de Montherlant. The story with its tragic denouement is immortalized in several plays and poems in Portuguese, such as The Lusíadas by Luís de Camões (canto iii, stanzas 118-135), and in Spanish, including Nise lastimosa and Nise laureada (1577) by Jerónimo Bermúdez, Reinar despues de morir by Luís Vélez de Guevara, as well as a play by French playwright Henry de Montherlant called La Reine morte (The Dead Queen). Mary Russell Mitford also wrote a drama based on the story entitled Inez de Castro. Inês de Castro is a novel by Maria Pilar Queralt del Hierro in Spanish and Portuguese.
    Wikipedia.

Beatrix of Leon

F, b. 1293, d. October 25, 1359

Parents

Family: Alfonso IV "the Brave" King of Portugal (b. February 8, 1291, d. May 28, 1357)

Biography

  • Birth: Beatrix of Leon was born in 1293 in Castile, Burgos, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
  • Marriage: She and Alfonso IV "the Brave" King of Portugal were married on September 12, 1309.
  • Death: Beatrix of Leon died on October 25, 1359, at age ~66, in Lisbon, Portugal.

John III Manuel of Castile

M, b. May 5, 1282, d. June 13, 1348

Parents

Family: Constance Jaimez of Aragon (b. January 1, 1300, d. August 19, 1327)

Biography

  • Birth: John III Manuel of Castile was born on May 5, 1282 in Penafiel, Valladolid, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
  • Marriage: He and Constance Jaimez of Aragon were married on April 2, 1312 in Jativa, Valencia, Pais Valenciano, Spain.
  • Death: John III Manuel of Castile died on June 13, 1348, at age 66, in Cordoba, Andalucia, Spain.

Constance Jaimez of Aragon

F, b. January 1, 1300, d. August 19, 1327

Parents

Family: John III Manuel of Castile (b. May 5, 1282, d. June 13, 1348)

Biography

  • Birth: Constance Jaimez of Aragon was born on January 1, 1300 in Valencia, Spain.
  • Marriage: She and John III Manuel of Castile were married on April 2, 1312 in Jativa, Valencia, Pais Valenciano, Spain.
  • Death: Constance Jaimez of Aragon died on August 19, 1327, at age 27.

John Manuel I "the Younger" of Castile

M, b. 1234, d. December 25, 1283

Parents

Family: Beatrix of Savoy (b. 1245, d. February 23, 1292)

Biography

  • Birth: John Manuel I "the Younger" of Castile was born in 1234 in Carrion-De-Los-Condes, Castilië-Léon, Spain.
  • Marriage: He and Beatrix of Savoy were married in 1274 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
  • Death: John Manuel I "the Younger" of Castile died on December 25, 1283, at age ~49, in Penafiel, Valladolid, Castilla-Leon, Spain.

Beatrix of Savoy

F, b. 1245, d. February 23, 1292

Parents

Family: John Manuel I "the Younger" of Castile (b. 1234, d. December 25, 1283)

Biography

  • Birth: Beatrix of Savoy was born in 1245 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
  • Marriage: She and John Manuel I "the Younger" of Castile were married in 1274 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
  • Death: Beatrix of Savoy died on February 23, 1292, at age ~47, in Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy.

Cecelia of Baux

F, b. 1230, d. 1275

Family: Amadeo IV of Savoy (b. 1197, d. June 13, 1253)

Biography

  • Birth: Cecelia of Baux was born in 1230.
  • Marriage: She and Amadeo IV of Savoy were married on December 18, 1244 in France.
  • Death: Cecelia of Baux died in 1275, at age ~45.

James II King of Aragon

M, b. August 10, 1267, d. November 5, 1327

Parents

Family: Blanche of Anjou (b. 1280, d. October 14, 1310)

Biography

  • Birth: James II King of Aragon was born on August 10, 1267 in Valencia, Spain.
  • Death: He died on November 5, 1327, at age 60, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Blanche of Anjou

F, b. 1280, d. October 14, 1310

Parents

Family: James II King of Aragon (b. August 10, 1267, d. November 5, 1327)

Biography

  • Birth: Blanche of Anjou was born in 1280 in Anjou, Isere, Rhone-Alpes, France.
  • Death: She died on October 14, 1310, at age ~30, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Eleanor of Sicily

F, b. 1325, d. April 20, 1375

Parents

Family: Peter IV King of Aragon (b. September 15, 1319, d. January 5, 1387)

Biography

  • Birth: Eleanor of Sicily was born in 1325 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Marriage: She and Peter IV King of Aragon were married in 1347 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
  • Death: Eleanor of Sicily died on April 20, 1375, at age ~50, in Spain.

Peter IV King of Aragon

M, b. September 15, 1319, d. January 5, 1387

Parents

Family: Eleanor of Sicily (b. 1325, d. April 20, 1375)

Biography

  • Birth: Peter IV King of Aragon was born on September 15, 1319 in Spain.
  • Marriage: He and Eleanor of Sicily were married in 1347 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
  • Death: Peter IV King of Aragon died on January 5, 1387, at age 67, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Alfonso IV "the Kind" King of Aragon

M, b. January 24, 1299, d. January 24, 1336

Parents

Family: Teresa of Montpellier (b. 1300, d. October 20, 1327)

Biography

  • Birth: Alfonso IV "the Kind" King of Aragon was born on January 24, 1299 in Naples, Napoli, Campania, Italy.
  • Death: He died on January 24, 1336, at age 37, in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Teresa of Montpellier

F, b. 1300, d. October 20, 1327

Family: Alfonso IV "the Kind" King of Aragon (b. January 24, 1299, d. January 24, 1336)

Biography

  • Birth: Teresa of Montpellier was born in 1300 in Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain.
  • Death: She died on October 20, 1327, at age ~27, in Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain.

Peter II King of Sicily

M, b. 1304, d. August 15, 1342

Parents

Family: Elisabeth of Carinthia (b. 1298, d. 1347)

Biography

  • Birth: Peter II King of Sicily was born in 1304 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Marriage: He and Elisabeth of Carinthia were married on April 23, 1322 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Death: Peter II King of Sicily died on August 15, 1342, at age ~38, in Calascibetta, Enna, Sicilia, Italy.

Elisabeth of Carinthia

F, b. 1298, d. 1347

Parents

Family: Peter II King of Sicily (b. 1304, d. August 15, 1342)

Biography

  • Birth: Elisabeth of Carinthia was born in 1298 in Gorizia, Gorizia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy.
  • Marriage: She and Peter II King of Sicily were married on April 23, 1322 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Death: Elisabeth of Carinthia died in 1347, at age ~49, in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.

Frederick III King of Sicily and Naples

M, b. December 13, 1272, d. June 25, 1337

Parents

Family: Eleanor of Anjou (b. August 1289, d. August 9, 1341)

Biography

  • Birth: Frederick III King of Sicily and Naples was born on December 13, 1272 in Naples, Napoli, Campania, Italy.
  • Marriage: He and Eleanor of Anjou were married on May 17, 1302 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Death: Frederick III King of Sicily and Naples died on June 25, 1337, at age 64, in Sicily, Italy.

Eleanor of Anjou

F, b. August 1289, d. August 9, 1341

Parents

Family: Frederick III King of Sicily and Naples (b. December 13, 1272, d. June 25, 1337)

Biography

  • Birth: Eleanor of Anjou was born in August 1289 in Naples, Napoli, Campania, Italy.
  • Marriage: She and Frederick III King of Sicily and Naples were married on May 17, 1302 in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.
  • Death: Eleanor of Anjou died on August 9, 1341, at age ~52, in Catania, Sicilia, Italy.

Otto III of Carinthia

M, b. 1261, d. May 25, 1310

Parents

Family: Euphemia of Silesia (b. 1281, d. March 26, 1347)

Biography

  • Birth: Otto III of Carinthia was born in 1261 in Goerz, Tirol, Austria.
  • Marriage: He and Euphemia of Silesia were married in 1297 in Austria.
  • Death: Otto III of Carinthia died on May 25, 1310, at age ~49, in Goerz, Tirol, Austria.

Euphemia of Silesia

F, b. 1281, d. March 26, 1347

Parents

Family: Otto III of Carinthia (b. 1261, d. May 25, 1310)

Biography

  • Birth: Euphemia of Silesia was born in 1281 in Wroclaw, Dolnoslaskie, Poland.
  • Marriage: She and Otto III of Carinthia were married in 1297 in Austria.
  • Death: Euphemia of Silesia died on March 26, 1347, at age ~66, in Goerz, Tirol, Austria.