Ludwig "with the Beard" of Thuringia
M, b. 1010, d. June 13, 1056
- Birth: Ludwig "with the Beard" of Thuringia was born in 1010 in Isenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
- Death: He died on June 13, 1056, at age ~46, in Mainz, Germany.
Cacilie of Sangerhausen
F, b. 1013, d. 1091
- Birth: Cacilie of Sangerhausen was born in 1013 in Sonderhausen, Thuringia, Germany.
- Death: She died in 1091, at age ~78.
Lothar Udo, III
M, b. circa 1025, d. May 4, 1082
- Birth: Lothar Udo, III, was born circa 1025.
- Death: He died on May 4, 1082.
Oda of Werl
F, b. 1047, d. January 13, 1110
- Birth: Oda of Werl was born in 1047.
- Death: She died on January 13, 1110, at age ~63.
Lothar Udo, II
M, b. circa 995, d. November 17, 1057
- Birth: Lothar Udo, II, was born circa 995.
- Death: He died on November 17, 1057.
Adelheid of Rheinfelden
F, b. circa 1015, d. 1079
- Birth: Adelheid of Rheinfelden was born circa 1015.
- Death: She died in 1079.
Siegfried II of Stade
M, b. circa 965, d. 1037
- Birth: Siegfried II of Stade was born circa 965.
- Marriage: He and Adela of Alsleben were married in 994.
- Death: Siegfried II of Stade died in 1037.
Adela of Alsleben
F, b. circa 970
- Birth: Adela of Alsleben was born circa 970.
- Marriage: She and Siegfried II of Stade were married in 994.
Konrad III of Ortenau
M, b. 960, d. November 24, 994
- Birth: Konrad III of Ortenau was born in 960.
- Death: He died on November 24, 994, at age ~34.
Beatrice of Lorraine
F, b. 967, d. 1021
- Birth: Beatrice of Lorraine was born in 967.
- Death: She died in 1021, at age ~54.
Konrad of Oenningen
M, b. 920, d. August 20, 997
- Birth: Konrad of Oenningen was born in 920.
- Death: He died on August 20, 997, at age ~77.
Judith of Marchthal
F, b. 940, d. 1003
- Birth: Judith of Marchthal was born in 940.
- Death: She died in 1003, at age ~63.
Konrad Konradiner of Alsace
M, b. circa 910, d. August 20, 997
- Birth: Konrad Konradiner of Alsace was born circa 910.
- Death: He died on August 20, 997.
Kunigunde of France
F, b. 876, d. 931
- Birth: Kunigunde of France was born in 876 in France.
- Death: She died in 931, at age ~55.
Gebhard Konrainer of Ufgau
M, b. circa 895, d. January 15, 947
- Birth: Gebhard Konrainer of Ufgau was born circa 895.
- Death: He died on January 15, 947.
Adele of Vermandois
F, b. circa 895
- Birth: Adele of Vermandois was born circa 895.
Eberhard of Niederlahngau
M, b. circa 870
- Birth: Eberhard of Niederlahngau was born circa 870.
F, b. circa 870
- Birth: Wiltrud was born circa 870.
Adalbert II of Metz
M, b. circa 835
- Birth: Adalbert II of Metz was born circa 835.
Adelhard I of Metz
M, b. circa 800, d. 841
- Birth: Adelhard I of Metz was born circa 800.
- Death: He died in 841.
Leuthard of Fezensac
M, b. circa 760
- Birth: Leuthard of Fezensac was born circa 760 in Frezensac, Gascony, France.
Hermann III of Werl
M, b. circa 1020
- Birth: Hermann III of Werl was born circa 1020.
Anna of Hungary
F, b. 1226
Rudolf I of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor
M, b. May 1, 1218, d. July 15, 1291
- Birth: Rudolf I of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor was born on May 1, 1218 in Sasbach, Emmendingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
- Marriage: He and Gertrud Anna of Hohenberg were married in 1245.
- Death: Rudolf I of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor died on July 15, 1291, at age 73, in Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
- Note: Rudolf I, also known as Rudolf of Habsburg (German: Rudolf von Habsburg, Czech: Rudolf Habsburský; 1 May 1218 – 15 July 1291), was Count of Habsburg from about 1240 and was elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1273 until his death.
Rudolf's election marked the end of the Great Interregnum in the Holy Roman Empire after the death of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II in 1250. Originally a Swabian count, he was the first Habsburg to acquire the duchies of Austria and Styria against his mighty rival, the Premyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia, whom he defeated in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld. The territories would remain under Habsburg rule for more than 600 years, forming the core of the Habsburg Monarchy and the present-day country of Austria.
Rudolf was the first German king of the Habsburg dynasty, and he played a vital role in raising the comital house to the rank of Imperial princes. He was also the first in a number of late medieval count-kings, so-called by the historian Bernd Schneidmüller, from the rivalling noble houses of Habsburg, Luxembourg, and Wittelsbach, all striving after the Roman-German royal dignity, which ultimately was taken over by the Habsburgs in 1438.
Rudolf died in Speyer on 15 July 1291 and was buried in the Speyer Cathedral. Although he had a large family, he was survived by only one son, Albert, afterwards the German king Albert I. Most of his daughters outlived him, apart from Katharina who had died in 1282 during childbirth and Hedwig who had died in 1285/6.
Rudolf's reign is most memorable for his establishment of the House of Habsburg as a powerful dynasty in the southeastern part of the realm. In the other territories, the centuries-long decline of Imperial authority since the days of the Investiture Controversy continued, and the princes were largely left to their own devices.
In the Divine Comedy, Dante finds Rudolf sitting outside the gates of Purgatory with his contemporaries and berates him as "he who neglected that which he ought to have done".
Gertrud Anna of Hohenberg
F, b. 1225, d. February 16, 1281
- Birth: Gertrud Anna of Hohenberg was born in 1225.
- Marriage: She and Rudolf I of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor were married in 1245.
- Death: Gertrud Anna of Hohenberg died on February 16, 1281, at age ~56.