Heinrich I Graf an der Pegnitz
M, b. 1002, d. 1043
- Birth: Heinrich I Graf an der Pegnitz was born in 1002.
- Death: He died in 1043, at age ~41.
Maria of Altdorf
F, b. 1009, d. 1058
- Birth: Maria of Altdorf was born in 1009.
- Death: She died in 1058, at age ~49.
Ludwig I Graf von Looz
M, b. 1120, d. August 11, 1171
- Birth: Ludwig I Graf von Looz was born in 1120 in Rieneck, Main-Spessart, Bayern, Germany.
- Death: He died on August 11, 1171, at age ~51, in Heijthuijsen, Limburg, Netherlands.
Agnes von Metz
F, b. 1125, d. August 11, 1171
- Birth: Agnes von Metz was born in 1125 in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France.
- Death: She died on August 11, 1171, at age ~46.
Arnold I Graf von Looz
M, b. circa 1080
- Birth: Arnold I Graf von Looz was born circa 1080.
Agnes von Mainz
F, b. circa 1120
- Birth: Agnes von Mainz was born circa 1120.
Charles of Valois
M, b. March 12, 1270, d. December 16, 1325
- Birth: Charles of Valois was born on March 12, 1270 in Valois, Bretagne, France.
- Marriage: He and Margaret of Naples were married on August 16, 1290 in Corbeil, France.
- Death: Charles of Valois died on December 16, 1325, at age 55, in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
Mahaut de Chatillon
F, b. 1278, d. October 3, 1358
- Birth: Mahaut de Chatillon was born in 1278 in France.
- Death: She died on October 3, 1358, at age ~80, in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
Isabel of Aragon
F, b. 1247, d. January 28, 1271
- Birth: Isabel of Aragon was born in 1247 in Aragon, Spain.
- Marriage: She and Philip III (The Bold) of France were married on May 28, 1262 in Clermont, Oise, Picardie, France.
- Death: Isabel of Aragon died on January 28, 1271, at age ~24, in Calabria, Italy.
James I (the Conqueror) of Aragon
M, b. February 2, 1208, d. July 27, 1276
- Birth: James I (the Conqueror) of Aragon was born on February 2, 1208 in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, France.
- Marriage: He and Violante of Hungary were married on September 8, 1235 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
- Death: James I (the Conqueror) of Aragon died on July 27, 1276, at age 68, in Alcira, Valencia, Spain.
- Note: James was born at Montpellier as the only son of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier. As a child, James was a pawn in the power politics of Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles helping the Cathar heretics of Albi against the Albigensian Crusaders led by Simon IV de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who were trying to exterminate them. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter, when the former was only two years old. He entrusted the boy to be educated in Montfort's care in 1211, but was soon forced to take up arms against him, dying at the Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213. Montfort would willingly have used James as a means of extending his own power had not the Aragonese appealed to Pope Innocent III, who insisted that Montfort surrender him. James was handed over to the papal legate Peter of Benevento at Carcassonne in May or June 1214.
James was then sent to Monzón, where he was entrusted to the care of Guillem de Montredó, the head of the Knights Templar in Spain and Provence; the regency meanwhile fell to his great-uncle Sancho, Count of Roussillon, and his son, the king's cousin, Nuño. The kingdom was given over to confusion until, in 1217, the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Zaragoza.
In 1221, he was married to Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile. The next six years of his reign were full of rebellions on the part of the nobles. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms.
The favour James showed his illegitimate offspring led to protest from the nobles, and to conflicts between his legitimate and illegitimate sons. When one of the latter, Fernán Sánchez, who had behaved with gross ingratitude and treason toward his father, was slain by the legitimate son Peter, the old king recorded his grim satisfaction.
In his will, James divided his states between his sons by Yolanda of Hungary: the aforementioned Peter received the Hispanic possessions on the mainland and James received the Kingdom of Majorca, which included the Balearic Islands, the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya, and the Lordship of Montpellier. The division inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. In 1276, the king fell very ill at Alzira and resigned his crown, intending to retire to the monastery of Poblet, but he died at Valencia on 27 July.
His mummified body was later exhumed in 1856, when the monastery was under repair. A photograph of the king was taken. The photograph of the head of the mummy clearly shows the wound in the left eyebrow that the king himself explained in a passage from his Llibre dels fets (Book of Deeds):
"As I was coming with the men, I happened to turn my head towards the town in order to look at the Saracens, who had come out in great force, when a cross-bowman shot at me, and hit me beside the sun-hood, and the shot struck me on the head, the bolt lighting near the forehead. It was God's will it did not pass through the head, but the point of the arrow went half through it. In anger I struck the arrow so with my hand that I broke it: the blood came out down my face; I wiped it off with a mantle of "sendal" I had, and went away laughing, that the army might not take alarm."
Violante of Hungary
F, b. 1219, d. October 12, 1251
- Birth: Violante of Hungary was born in 1219 in Esztergom, Komarom-Esztergom, Hungary.
- Marriage: She and James I (the Conqueror) of Aragon were married on September 8, 1235 in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
- Death: Violante of Hungary died on October 12, 1251, at age ~32, in Huesca, Hoya de Huesca, Aragon, Spain.
Peter II of Aragon
M, b. July 1178, d. September 12, 1213
- Birth: Peter II of Aragon was born in July 1178 in Huesca, Hoya de Huesca, Aragon, Spain.
- Marriage: He and Maria of Montpellier were married on June 5, 1204.
- Death: Peter II of Aragon died on September 12, 1213, at age 35, in Muret, Haute-Garonne, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, France.
Maria of Montpellier
F, b. 1182, d. April 21, 1213
- Birth: Maria of Montpellier was born in 1182.
- Marriage: She and Peter II of Aragon were married on June 5, 1204.
- Death: Maria of Montpellier died on April 21, 1213, at age ~31, in Rome, Italy.
F, b. 1168, d. November 4, 1202
- Birth: Eudokia Komnena was born in 1168 in Istanbul, Turkey.
- Marriage: She and William V Aymer DeTaillefer Of Angouleme were married in 1181.
- Death: Eudokia Komnena died on November 4, 1202, at age ~34, in Aniane, Herault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France.
Alexios II Komnenos
M, b. September 10, 1169, d. October 1183
- Birth: Alexios II Komnenos was born on September 10, 1169 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Marriage: He and Maria Kukaina were married on March 2, 1179.
- Death: Alexios II Komnenos died in October 1183, at age 14.
- Note: On Manuel's death in 1180, Maria, who became a nun under the name Xene, took the position of regent (according to some historians). She excluded her young son from power, entrusting it instead to Alexios the protosebastos (a cousin of Alexios II), who was popularly believed to be her lover. Friends of the young Alexios II now tried to form a party against the empress mother and the protosebastos; Alexios II's half-sister Maria, wife of Caesar John (Renier of Montferrat), stirred up riots in the streets of the capital.
Their party was defeated on 2 May 1182, but Andronikos Komnenos, a first cousin of Emperor Manuel, took advantage of the disorder to aim at the crown. He entered Constantinople, received with almost divine honours, and overthrew the government. His arrival was celebrated by a massacre of 80,000 Latins in Constantinople, especially the Venetian merchants, which he made no attempt to stop. He allowed Alexios II to be crowned but was responsible for the death of most of the young emperor's actual or potential defenders, including his mother, his half-sister, and the Caesar, and he refused to allow him any voice in public affairs.
The betrothal in 1180 of Alexios II to Agnes of France, daughter of Louis VII of France and his third wife Adèle of Champagne and at the time a child of nine, had not apparently been followed by their marriage. Andronikos was now formally proclaimed as co-emperor before the crowd on the terrace of the Church of Christ of the Chalkè, and not long afterwards, on the pretext that divided rule was injurious to the Empire, he caused Alexios II to be strangled with a bow-string, in October 1183. During the reign of Alexius II, the Byzantine Empire was invaded by King Béla III, losing Syrmia and Bosnia to the Kingdom of Hungary in 1181; later even Dalmatia was lost to the Venetians. Kilij Arslan II invaded the empire in 1182, defeating the Byzantines at the Siege of Cotyaeum, resulting in the Empire losing Cotyaeum and Sozopolis.
F, b. 1137, d. 1217
- Birth: Maria Kukaina was born in 1137.
- Marriage: She and Alexios II Komnenos were married on March 2, 1179.
- Death: Maria Kukaina died in 1217, at age ~80.
Manuel I Komnenos
M, b. November 28, 1122, d. September 24, 1180
- Birth: Manuel I Komnenos was born on November 28, 1122 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Marriage: He and Bertha von Sulzbach were married in 1146.
- Death: Manuel I Komnenos died on September 24, 1180, at age 57, in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
Bertha von Sulzbach
F, b. circa 1120, d. 1159
- Birth: Bertha von Sulzbach was born circa 1120.
- Marriage: She and Manuel I Komnenos were married in 1146.
- Death: Bertha von Sulzbach died in 1159.
John II Komnenos
M, b. September 13, 1087, d. April 8, 1143
- Birth: John II Komnenos was born on September 13, 1087 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Marriage: He and St Irene of Hungary were married in 1104.
- Death: John II Komnenos died on April 8, 1143, at age 55, in Cilicia, Tarsus.
St Irene of Hungary
F, b. 1088, d. August 13, 1134
- Birth: St Irene of Hungary was born in 1088 in Esztergom, Komarom-Esztergom, Hungary.
- Marriage: She and John II Komnenos were married in 1104.
- Death: St Irene of Hungary died on August 13, 1134, at age ~46.
- Note: She was born in Esztergom in 1088, daughter of King St. László.
She lost her mother when she was two years old, and her father five years later. King
Kálmán, apparently the guardian of orphaned Piroska, gave her in marriage to the
Byzantine emperor Ioannes Komnenos II. She converted to the Eastern Orthodox
Church and took the Greek name Irene, which means “peace”. Joannes Komnenos and
his Hungarian bride were crowned in 1118. It is thought that the mosaic depiction of the
emperor and empress in the Hagia Sophia Church was created at this time. She is
shown with thick, red tresses, in the only likeness we have of Piroska-Irene.
Irene did not become involved in her husband’s political affairs, but devoted herself to
raising her eight children, four boys and four girls. Her generosity to, and protection of
the poor influenced not only her immediate family, but all of Byzantium. She built
hospitals as well as homes for the aged and the mentally ill. But perhaps her most
lasting accomplishment was the construction of the Pantocrator-Meter Eleusa-St.
Michael triple church complex with its monastery. It was a magnificent center of worship
and contemplation, with emphasis on Christ as the Ruler of the World, and fostering
devotion to Mary. Although only ruins remain of the church complex, they still provide a
strong indication of the splendor they must have had when Irene built it.
After the death of her husband, Irene entered a convent. On her deathbed, she took the
name “Xené”, which means foreigner. It would seem she never felt at home in the
strange Greek environment, and perhaps was even homesick for her native Hungary.
She died in 1134, and was buried in Constantinople.
She is honored as a saint by the Orthodox, Byzantine and Roman Catholic Church, with
her feast observed on August 13th.
Alexios I Komnenos
M, b. 1056, d. August 15, 1118
- Birth: Alexios I Komnenos was born in 1056 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Marriage: He and Eirene Dukaina were married in 1077.
- Death: Alexios I Komnenos died on August 15, 1118, at age ~62, in Istanbul, Turkey.
F, b. circa 1066, d. February 19, 1138
- Birth: Eirene Dukaina was born circa 1066 in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Marriage: She and Alexios I Komnenos were married in 1077.
- Death: Eirene Dukaina died on February 19, 1138 in Istanbul, Turkey.
M, b. circa 1015, d. July 12, 1067
- Birth: John Komnenos was born circa 1015.
- Death: He died on July 12, 1067.
F, b. circa 1015, d. November 1, 1100
- Birth: Anna Dalassene was born circa 1015.
- Death: She died on November 1, 1100.
Manuel Erotikos Komnenos
M, b. circa 957, d. 1020
- Birth: Manuel Erotikos Komnenos was born circa 957.
- Death: He died in 1020.