M, b. April 1621, d. 1678
- Birth: Francois Savoie was born in April 1621 in Martaise, Loudun, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France.
- Marriage: He and Catherine Briard Lejeune were married in 1652 in Port Royal, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canada.
- Death: Francois Savoie died in 1678, at age ~57, in Port Royal, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Catherine Briard Lejeune
F, b. 1621, d. 1672
- Birth: Catherine Briard Lejeune was born in 1621 in Loudon, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France.
- Marriage: She and Francois Savoie were married in 1652 in Port Royal, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canada.
- Death: Catherine Briard Lejeune died in 1672, at age ~51, in Port Royal, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Marie Coppola Bourbon of Soissons
F, b. March 3, 1606, d. June 3, 1692
- Birth: Marie Coppola Bourbon of Soissons was born on March 3, 1606 in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
- Marriage: She and Tommaso Francois de Savoy Carignano were married on April 14, 1625 in Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: Marie Coppola Bourbon of Soissons died on June 3, 1692, at age 86, in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
Tommaso Francois de Savoy Carignano
M, b. December 21, 1596, d. January 22, 1656
- Birth: Tommaso Francois de Savoy Carignano was born on December 21, 1596 in Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: He and Marie Coppola Bourbon of Soissons were married on April 14, 1625 in Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
- Death: Tommaso Francois de Savoy Carignano died on January 22, 1656, at age 59, in Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
Carlo Emanuele of Savoy
M, b. January 12, 1562, d. July 26, 1630
- Birth: Carlo Emanuele of Savoy was born on January 12, 1562 in Rivoli, Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: He and Catherine Michelle of Hapsburg were married on August 11, 1585 in Saragossa, Italy.
- Death: Carlo Emanuele of Savoy died on July 26, 1630, at age 68, in Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
Catherine Michelle of Hapsburg
F, b. August 12, 1567, d. December 1, 1633
- Birth: Catherine Michelle of Hapsburg was born on August 12, 1567 in Segovia, Segovia, Castilla-Leon, Spain.
- Marriage: She and Carlo Emanuele of Savoy were married on August 11, 1585 in Saragossa, Italy.
- Death: Catherine Michelle of Hapsburg died on December 1, 1633, at age 66, in Brussels, Belgium.
Emmanuel Philibert "Ironhead" of Savoie
M, b. July 8, 1528, d. August 30, 1580
- Birth: Emmanuel Philibert "Ironhead" of Savoie was born on July 8, 1528 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Marriage: He and Marguerite of Valois were married on July 9, 1559 in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
- Death: Emmanuel Philibert "Ironhead" of Savoie died on August 30, 1580, at age 52, in Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
- Note: Emmanuel Philibert (in Italian Emanuele Filiberto; known as "Testa di ferro", in English "Ironhead", because of his military career; 8 July 1528 – 30 August 1580) was Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580.
Born in Chambéry, Emmanuel Philibert was the only child of Charles III, Duke of Savoy, and Beatrice of Portugal to reach adulthood. His mother was sister-in-law to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the future duke served in Charles's army during the war against Francis I of France, distinguishing himself by capturing Hesdin in July 1553. A month later, he became Duke of Savoy on the death of his father, but this was a nearly empty honour, as the vast majority of his hereditary lands had been occupied and administered by the French since 1536. Instead, he continued to serve the Habsburgs in hopes of recovering his lands, and served his cousin Philip II of Spain as Governor of the Netherlands from 1555 to 1559.
In this capacity he personally led the Spanish invasion of northern France and won a brilliant victory at Saint-Quentin on 10 August 1557. He was also a suitor to Lady Elizabeth Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII of England. With the Peace of Cateau Cambrésis between France and Spain signed in 1559, the duchy was restored to Emmanuel Philibert and he married his first cousin once removed, Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry, the sister of King Henry II of France. Their only child was Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy.
Following the death of his uncle, Henry I of Portugal, on 31 January 1580, Emmanuel Philibert fought to impose his rights as a claimant to the Portuguese throne. However, he soon realised that he had quite a fragile position due to the claims of Philip II, who gained control of the country, thus uniting Spain and Portugal.
Emmanuel Philibert spent his rule regaining what had been lost in the costly wars with France. A skilled political strategist, he took advantage of various squabbles in Europe to slowly regain territory from both the French and the Spanish, including the city of Turin. He also purchased two territories. Internally, he moved the capital of the duchy from Chambéry to Turin and replaced Latin as the duchy's official language with Italian. He was attempting to acquire the marquisate of Saluzzo when he died in Turin. Later, he was buried in the Chapel of the Holy Shroud of the Turin Cathedral, where he did move the Sindone in 1578.
Marguerite of Valois
F, b. June 5, 1523, d. September 14, 1574
- Birth: Marguerite of Valois was born on June 5, 1523 in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
- Marriage: She and Emmanuel Philibert "Ironhead" of Savoie were married on July 9, 1559 in Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France.
- Death: Marguerite of Valois died on September 14, 1574, at age 51, in Turino, Piedmont, Italy.
Charles LeBon of Savoy
M, b. October 14, 1486, d. August 17, 1553
Family: Maria Brites (b. December 31, 1504, d. January 8, 1538)
- Birth: Charles LeBon of Savoy was born on October 14, 1486 in Penthièvre, Morbihan, Bretagne, France.
- Marriage: He and Maria Brites were married on March 26, 1521 in Villefrance Du, Gironde, Aquitaine, France.
- Death: Charles LeBon of Savoy died on August 17, 1553, at age 66, in Turino, Piedmont, Italy.
F, b. December 31, 1504, d. January 8, 1538
- Birth: Maria Brites was born on December 31, 1504 in Portugal.
- Marriage: She and Charles LeBon of Savoy were married on March 26, 1521 in Villefrance Du, Gironde, Aquitaine, France.
- Death: Maria Brites died on January 8, 1538, at age 33, in Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France.
Philippe of Savoy
M, b. February 5, 1438, d. November 7, 1497
- Birth: Philippe of Savoy was born on February 5, 1438 in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Marriage: He and Margaret of Bourbon were married on January 6, 1472 in Moulins, Allair, Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Marriage: Philippe of Savoy and Claudine of Brosse were married on November 11, 1485 in Penthièvre, Morbihan, Bretagne, France.
- Death: Philippe of Savoy died on November 7, 1497, at age 59, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Claudine of Brosse
F, b. 1450, d. October 13, 1513
- Birth: Claudine of Brosse was born in 1450 in Penthièvre, Morbihan, Bretagne, France.
- Marriage: She and Philippe of Savoy were married on November 11, 1485 in Penthièvre, Morbihan, Bretagne, France.
- Death: Claudine of Brosse died on October 13, 1513, at age ~63, in Savoie, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France.
Louis de Savoie
M, b. February 21, 1413, d. January 29, 1465
- Birth: Louis de Savoie was born on February 21, 1413 in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Marriage: He and Anne de Lusignan were married.
- Death: Louis de Savoie died on January 29, 1465, at age 51, in Lyon, Rhone, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Note: He was born at Geneva the son of Antipope Felix V and Mary of Burgundy; he was the first to hold the title of Prince of Piedmont. On 1 November 1433 (or 12 February 1434), at Chambéry, he married Princess Anne of Cyprus, an heiress of the Kingdom of Cyprus and the defunct Kingdom of Jerusalem.(She was the secondary heiress all her lifetime, as her niece Queen Charlotte of Cyprus outlived her, and a daughter of King Janus of Cyprus.) The family lived in Allaman Castle, Vaud/Switzerland and as Count de Vaud, Savoy tried to conquer the Duchy of Milan, then under the Repubblica Ambrosiana, but failed.
In 1453 he received the Shroud of Turin from Margaret de Charny. It was held by the House of Savoy until 1946, at the end of the Kingdom of Italy. The Shroud of Turin was bequeathed to the Holy See in 1983. Louis died at Lyon in 1465, while returning from France.
Anne de Lusignan
Amadeus VIII (Pope Felix V) de Savoy
M, b. December 4, 1383, d. January 7, 1451
- Birth: Amadeus VIII (Pope Felix V) de Savoy was born on December 4, 1383 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Marriage: He and Mary de Burgundy were married in May 1401 in Sachsen, Saxony, Germany.
- Death: Amadeus VIII (Pope Felix V) de Savoy died on January 7, 1451, at age 67, in Ripaille Castle, Thonen-les-Baines, Haute-Savoie, France.
- Note: Born 4 December, 1383, died at Ripaille, 7 January, 1451. The schismatic Council of Basle, having declared the rightful pope, Eugene IV, deposed, proceeded immediately with the election of an antipope. Wishing to secure additional influence and increased financial support, they turned their attention towards the rich and powerful prince, Duke Amadeus VIII of Savoy. Amadeus had exercised over his dependencies a mild and equitable sway, and had evinced a great zeal for the interests of the Church, especially in connection with the Western Schism regarding the papal succession, brought to a close by the Council of Constance. Emperor Sigismund had shown his appreciation of this ruler's services by raising, in 1416, the former counts of Savoy to the status of a duchy, and in 1422 conferred on Amadeus the county of Geneva. On the death of his wife, Maria of Burgundy, Duke Amadeus resolved to lead henceforth a life of contemplation, without however entirely resigning the government of his territories. He appointed his son Ludwig regent of the duchy, and retired to Ripaille on the Lake of Geneva, where in company with five knights whom he had formed into an Order of St. Maurice, he led a semi-monastic life in accordance with a rule drawn up by himself.
Amadeus had been in close relations with the schismatic council of Basle; and was elected pope, 30 October, 1439, by the electoral college of that council, including one cardinal (d'Allamand of Arles), eleven bishops, seven abbots, five theologians, and nine canonists. After long negotiations with a deputation from the council, Amadeus acquiesced in the election, 5 Feb., 1440, completely renouncing at the same time all further participation in the government of his duchy. Ambition and a certain fantastic turn of character induced him to take this step. He took the name of Felix V, and was solemnly consecrated and crowned by the Cardinal d'Allamand, 24 July, 1440. Eugene IV had already excommunicated him, 23 March, at the council of Florence. Until 1442, the famous Aeneas Sylvinus Piccolomini, later Pius II, was the antipope's secretary. This renewal of the schism ruined any success of Basle assembly, just closed at Constance. Subsequently, Amadeus took up his residence in Savoy and Switzerland; his efforts to surround himself with a curia met with little success; many of those whom he named cardinals declined the dignity. He found general recognition only in Savoy and Switzerland, but his claims were also recognized by the Dukes of Austria, Tyrol, and Bayern-München, the Count-Palatine of Simmern, the Teutonic Order, some orders in Germany and some universities hitherto adherents of Basle. He was soon embroiled in a quarrel with the Council of Basle concerning his rights and the distribution of revenues. The rightful pope, Eugene IV, and his successor Nicolas V (1447), who were universally recognized from the first in Spain and Poland, found their claims even more widely admitted in France and Germany. In 1442, Felix left Basle, and on 16 May, 1443, occurred the last session of the Baste assembly. Felix, who had for the sake of its revenue assumed the administration of the Diocese of Geneva, clung for six years more to his usurped dignity but finally submitted (1449) to Nicolas V, received the title of Cardinal of St. Sabina, and was appointed permanent Apostolic vicar-general for all the states of the House of Savoy and for several dioceses (Basle, Strasburg, Chur, etc.). Thus ended the last papal schism.
Mary de Burgundy
F, b. September 1386, d. October 8, 1422
- Birth: Mary de Burgundy was born in September 1386 in Dijon, Cote d'Or, Bourgogne, France.
- Marriage: She and Amadeus VIII (Pope Felix V) de Savoy were married in May 1401 in Sachsen, Saxony, Germany.
- Death: Mary de Burgundy died on October 8, 1422, at age 36, in Dijon, Cote d'Or, Bourgogne, France.
Amadeus VII de Savoy
M, b. February 24, 1360, d. November 1, 1391
- Birth: Amadeus VII de Savoy was born on February 24, 1360 in Castle Avigliana, Turino, Piedmont, Italy.
- Marriage: He and Bonne de Berry were married on January 18, 1376.
- Death: Amadeus VII de Savoy died on November 1, 1391, at age 31, in Ripaille Castle, Thonen-les-Baines, Haute-Savoie, France.
- Note: Amadeus was the son of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Bourbon. Amadeus VII was known for his hospitality, for he would entertain people of all stations and never turned a person from his table without a meal
Upon his death at age 29 from tetanus, controversy arose because of his will. Amadeus VII left the important role of guardian of his son and heir, Amadeus VIII, to his own mother, a sister of the powerful Duke de Bourbon, instead of following the tradition of appointing the child's mother, who was a daughter of the equally powerful Duke de Berry. It took three months of negotiations to restore peace in the family.
Bonne de Berry
F, b. 1365, d. December 30, 1435
- Birth: Bonne de Berry was born in 1365 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Marriage: She and Amadeus VII de Savoy were married on January 18, 1376.
- Death: Bonne de Berry died on December 30, 1435, at age ~70, in France.
Thomas R Ott
M, b. August 11, 1951, d. September 22, 1989
- Birth: Thomas R Ott was born on August 11, 1951.
- Death: He died on September 22, 1989, at age 38.
- Burial: He was buried in St Mary Cemetery, Appleton, Outagamie Co, Wisconsin.
Edmund E Weber
M, b. December 30, 1943, d. September 11, 2001
- Birth: Edmund E Weber was born on December 30, 1943.
- Death: He died on September 11, 2001, at age 57.
Amadeus VI de Savoy
M, b. January 4, 1334, d. February 27, 1383
- Birth: Amadeus VI de Savoy was born on January 4, 1334 in Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France.
- Marriage: He and Bonne de Bourbon were married in 1355.
- Death: Amadeus VI de Savoy died on February 27, 1383, at age 49, in Campobasso, Molise, Campobasso, Italy.
- Note: When his father died in 1343, Amadeus inherited the County of Savoy. Since he was only nine years old, his father's will left two cousins as co-regents: Amadeus III of Geneva and Louis II of Vaud. The two agreed to a document limiting their power as regents. Neither could make any significant decision without the other, and the decisions of both were subject to review by the resident council of nobles representing all bailis in the county.
Shortly after Amadeus took the county, his cousin Joan of Savoy renewed her claim on the county of Savoy, that she was descended from Amadeus's uncle Edward, Count of Savoy, though her claim had previously been denied under Savoy's Semi-Salic tradition. Though she died the following year, in her will she left the county to Philip, Duke of Orléans to spite her cousins. In 1345, he negotiated a similar settlement to the one Joan reached with Aymon, yielding the claim in exchange for 5000 livres annually.
Amadeus was educated both physically and mentally. He enjoyed learning to fight and ride. His education included classic works such as De Re Militari and more modern texts including De Regimine Principum. He also showed religious devotion, requesting a portable altar and the right for his chaplain to say mass for him every morning wherever he may be. He took vows to fast more often than was healthy for him, and then asked Pope Clement VI to release him from these vows. The pope agreed, asking him instead to feed twelve of the poor weekly.
When the young Angevin queen Joanna I of Naples took the throne, several in northern Italy sought to take advantage of her inexperience and seize her lands there. John II, Marquess of Montferrat led the first attacks, while James of Piedmont, a cousin and vassal of Amadeus, backed the queen. After her first army was defeated in 1345, the attackers moved next into the territory ruled by James. In 1347, James asked Amadeus for help, and Amadeus sent an army. That army swept the attackers back through July of that year, with Amadeus joining the fighting in the last few weeks. John then recruited the help of Humbert II, Dauphin of Viennois, an old enemy of the Savoyards, and Thomas II, Marquess of Saluzzo. Together, they conquered the Angevin lands. Pope Clement VI spent 1348 negotiating a truce to end the fighting, which none of the combatants were satisfied with.
From 1348 through 1351, the Black Death ravaged the lands of Savoy, halving the population in some villages. In 1348, many of the peasants thought that it was caused by Jews poisoning wells and fountains. Though the castellans in some places tried to protect them, quite a few were killed. In Chambéry, the Jews were locked in the castle for their protection, but a mob broke in and killed several. Court officers were then pressured into finding the remainder guilty of poisoning, executing eleven and charging the remainder a fine of 160 florins per month for the next six years.
In 1349, Amadeus agreed to a treaty between himself, Amadeus of Geneva, James of Piedmont, and the House of Visconti, rulers of Milan, for mutual defence and assistance. This treaty included provisions for Galeazzo II Visconti to marry Bianca of Savoy, sister of the count. To honor the marriage in 1350, Amadeus created the Order of the Black Swan.
In 1349 Humbert II de La Tour du Pin, Dauphin de Viennois, the last Dauphin de Viennois, surrendered his title and principality to the future Charles V of France. At the time the new Dauphin was grandson of the current King Philip VI of France and son to his heir apparent, the later John II of France. Humbert II retired into a Dominican monastery.